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Quality Assurance Internship Training Program

 

Dentistry Internship Program

One of the missions of the Dental College is a leadership role in the continuous education and training of dental graduates, equipping them to face professional challenges and to accept diverse responsibilities. A dental graduate must undertake a twelve (12) months internship to meet a mandatory requirement for full registration as Dental Practitioner. Upon successful completion of the specified requirements, the intern will receive a certificate of competence of one-year training.

Objectives:
  • Enhance their knowledge, skills and competency in the practice of General Dentistry.
  • Provide them with an insight particularly in the area of their planned future dental specialty.
  • Be involved in research projects that can motivate them to show their innovative ideas and develop their scientific writing abilities.
  • Awaken their interest in pursuing graduate studies and continuing dental education.
  • Gain experience in risk assessment and management of medically compromised patients, as well as emergency and primary dental care.
  • Excel in verbal communication skills and usage of audio visual aids through formal lectures and seminar presentations.
  • Maximize their views on latest programs in oral health through community involvement.

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The internship training program consists of the following:
  • Clinical Training (General Practice, Primary Dental Care and Emergency Clinic)
  • Hospital Training
  • Didactic Part:
    • Research Project
    • Treatment Planning Session
    • Advanced Education Seminar
    • Journal Club Activity
    • Community Session and Participation
  • Community Projects
The Internship Training Program is administered by the Interns’ Training Program Committee and it requires interns to participate in different clinical rotations for a period of twelve (12) months, which is divided into six (6) rotas. One of them will be for the hospital and oral maxillofacial surgery which may be chosen by anyone who has the interest for the specialty.

A. Clinical Training

In the Colleges, interns are simultaneously involved into two disciplines of training namely: Primary Dental Care and General Dental Practice. The Primary Dental Care is aimed to provide the walk-in patients with an emergency dental treatment. All types of treatment offered in the primary care sessions are expected to be completed within the allowed time in the primary clinics. The General Dental Practice allows interns to render comprehensive dental treatment for regular patients with pre-scheduled appointments. The interns will cover the screening clinic where the patients will be transferred to the different clinics according to the complexity of the case.

B. Hospital Training

This rota is aimed to acquaint the intern with the diagnosis and treatment of surgical and non surgical conditions that can be performed in the out-patient clinic or in-hospital based practice. The hospital exposure is an extensive training in the in-patient care and ward management for various dental procedures. The program will also introduce the trainee into a team type practice by working closely with other dental and medical specialists. Some centers may request the trainee to carry out a night duty or an on-call commitment as part of the training program.

C. Didactic Activities

The didactic part includes participation in treatment planning sessions, advanced education seminars, journal club activity and also completion and presentation of the research projects.

Interns who are assigned outside the Colleges are expected to attend all the weekly didactic activity at the colleges.

D. Community Projects

This part stresses the importance of prevention of dental diseases through intern's involvement in community activities. The interns must carry out projects related to health education programs.


General Rules and Regulations

A. Admission to the Program

This program is open to graduates with a Bachelor of Dental Science Degree or its equivalent from recognized dental Colleges inside and outside kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The program fee is 60,000 Saudi Riyals with an option of paying the amount in two installments. First installment will be at the beginning of the internship and the second installment should be paid before the commencement of the fourth rota.

B. Duration and Continuity of Training
  • The internship program is for one-year (12 months) consisting of six (6) rotations. The specified period of training shall be on a continuous and uninterrupted basis.
  • A maximum of accumulated thirty (30) days official leave of absence (Emergency leave, Sick leave, Educational leave, Maternity Leave and other types of leave) are allowed during the entire training period.
  • Only a maximum of (10 ) days Emergency or Educational Leave days can be filed in a month.
  • Only a maximum of (3) days compassionate leave can be filed in case of death of an immediate family member. Copy of Death certificate must be provided within (5) days of filing.
Online Filing of Leave Guidelines
  • Emergency leave needs to be filed at least 24 hours before duty.
  • Sick leave to be filed at least 3 hours before the duty and the medical certificate/report should be provided within 2 days of the last day of leave.
  • Female intern’s maternity leave to be filed within the time frame of her duty and the medical certificate/report should be provided within 2 days from the last day of leave.
  • Educational leave to be filed at least 24 hours before duty and the Certificate of Attendance should be provided within 2 days from the last day of leave.
  • All leave including those in outside rotation must be filed after accomplishing the Leave Request Form Online and be approved to be considered official.
  • Early leave (permit to leave premises during working hours) needs to be filed at least 24 hours before duty. Interns with only half session (3 hours duty) in a day cannot file for an early leave request. Interns are only allowed to accumulate a maximum of 18 hours in the entire training period with a maximum of (3) hours per applied leave.
  • Any duty which will fall on Sunday, the 24 hours before duty is not referring to Saturday but rather on a Thursday which is the last day of the week.
C. Symposia and Scientific Meetings
  • Each intern may apply to attend international and national dental symposia during the internship training period. The time spent in such symposium need not be replaced at the end of the program, provided the candidate is granted an education leave on application and presents a certificate of attendance of the symposium.
  • All applications must be filed officially following the approval process set forth in the request form.
  • A maximum of one week may be given to those who may wish to attend an international meeting while the local meetings will be based on the number of days applied.
  • Candidate who shows the interest in presenting an accepted scientific paper will have the privilege to avail more than the required number of days of educational leave if deemed necessary as approved by the Internship Training Committee.
D. Clinical Components
  • Attendance

    Punctuality in all clinics is mandatory and the daily attendance will be monitored closely. Interns should abide the official working hours in addition to the rules and regulations required by each training institution they are attending. Aside from official and unofficial absences, the other offenses are classified into the following:

    Code 1 - more than 15 minutes and less than 1 hour late
    Code 2 - more than 1 hour late
    Code 3 - leaving the college unofficially and did not report back
    Code 4 - early leave more than 15 minutes before the end of time schedule
    Code 5 - timing in but not logging out but physically present
  • Clinic Attire

    Interns are requested to take the recommendation regarding the prescribed clinical dress at working hours seriously in each training institution. Interns are obliged to use the proper identification badge. Blue jeans and casual dress are not allowed in clinical premises.
  • Professional Ethics

    Interns are expected to maintain respect and confidence of patients through sincere and honest relationship. Patient's cultural practice and individual differences must be respected. Physical treatment must be backed up with psychological support and clinician has to be sympathetic and considerate. Courtesy, cooperation and harmonious interpersonal relationship must be highly observed among all clinical staff to promote a wholesome working atmosphere in the clinic.

    The medically compromised patients and those who may suffer contagious diseases or disabilities have to find accessible treatment within the medical and dental profession. Infection control measures should be observed all the time regardless of the patient medical status. Under no circumstances should any Intern refuse or object to treat patient who may carry contagious diseases. Such attitude is medically and ethically unacceptable.
  • Discipline

    Interns will receive by email punctuality or clinic discipline reports pertaining to any incurred offenses. A reply by email to these reports from the interns is obligation within (24) hours period. Repetition of offenses will also subject the intern to disciplinary measure.

    In case of unapproved absence, negligence, misconduct, incompetence, insubordination or any other act that the interns’ superior deem unacceptable, an Intern shall be dully reported to the Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee (QAGITPC) for disciplinary action. Depending on the seriousness of the offense and upon the recommendation of the(QAGITPC) a disciplinary action may be one of the following:

    • Verbal or written warnings or probation
    • Suspension
    • Extension of training
    • Repeating a rotation
  • Evaluation

    In order to monitor the interns’ performance, it is essential that some forms of quantification and evaluation of the work carried out by the interns should be documented. Each procedure performed by the intern is recorded and will be compiled in a bi-monthly report. While in other institutions, training supervisors send their evaluation of the intern’s performance at the end of each rotation (see Appendices). By the end of the program, the intern’s performance should be evaluated and assessed by the Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee. The data for evaluation will be compiled from the summary of procedures recorded, and the decision of whether the intern has fulfilled his/her requirements or requires an extension of the program will be made.
  • Graduation

    At the end of the one-year internship program, interns will be awarded certificate of completion of the internship, provided that they have fulfilled all the requirements of the program.
E. Request Guidelines
  • If there is an intern willing to exchange with another intern, the following can be requested:
    • Change of campus
    • Change of groups
    • Change of schedule
  • Requests must be sent by email to intern@riyadh.edu.sa (14) days before the start of the incoming month. Except for change of Campus which is (14) days before the start of incoming rota. Late request will not be accepted. In this way, the clinician's number and the productivity will not be affected and proper arrangement can be made by our Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office with the Chief Auxiliary Services of each campus.
  • An intern requesting for change of campus needs to finish his/her patient's cases before it can be approved.
Administration

Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee (QAGITPC)

During the entire period of the internship, all interns are under the administration of the Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee. Members of the committee hold regular meetings to discuss the progress of the program and other issues pertaining to the Interns. The Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee is appointed by the Rector as follows:
  • Chairman
  • Internship Training Program Coordinators
  • Intern Clinic Director
  • Intern Research Director
  • Intern Research Assistant Director
  • Intern Community Director
  • Intern Seminar Director
  • Continuing Education and Post-Internship Preparation Director
  • Intern Outside Rotation Director
  • Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office Director
  • Chief Auxiliary Services
Dental Interns

Interns shall work on a full time basis during the entire period of their Internship program. They shall execute all dental procedures defined in the curriculum and perform other duties related to their training that may be assigned by the Directors. Interns are expected to observe all rules and regulations specified in this manual.

Faculty

The faculty has a big role in the successful administration of the program by providing support thru supervision in the clinics as well as in the research projects.
  • Role of Faculty Clinical Supervisor
    • Acts as an immediate supervisor to ensure that the assigned interns are executing comprehensive dental treatment on all their booked patients.
    • Monitors the intern's ethical behavior and professional attitudes.
    • Provides immediate assistance to the interns in clinical emergencies.
    • Urges the interns to enhance his/her experience on treatment modalities that were inadequately covered during their undergraduate training, and may also introduce techniques that were not covered at all.
    • Attains maximum interaction with the interns during their clinical supervision.
    • Updates the Intern Clinic Directors about interns who may need special attention.
    • Is available in the clinic during the intern clinical supervision session.
    • Assists in filling up the clinical evaluation forms at the end of each rota.
    • Participates in the periodic discussion with the interns at the end of each rota.
    • Guides the interns on the appropriate method of referrals to student courses, post graduate clinic and specialist clinics.
  • Role of the Faculty Research Supervisor
    • Assist the interns in selecting research topics.
    • Assists the intern in all their preparations for their research.
    • Checks adequacy of the literature review.
    • Supervises the intern in all stages of the research projects including data collection, analysis and writing of the paper to ensure that the research paper is completed and submitted at least two weeks prior to the scheduled presentation date.
    • Provides moral support to the intern during his/her presentation by being physically present and by providing assistance in clarifying questions or issues which may be raised during the open forum.
    • Updates the QAGITPC Intern Research Director or the Intern Research Assistant Director with the progress of the intern research project.
    • Accomplishes the evaluation form promptly at the end of the intern's presentation.
Responsibilities of Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee (QAGITPC)
  • Role of Intern Training Program Committee Chairman
    • Monitors the overall process of the training program and prepares the needed internal communications.
    • Is responsible for calling meetings to discuss significant developments and other relevant activities.
  • Role of Internship Training Program Coordinators
    • Supervise the implementation of the internship training program.
    • Responsible for reporting achievements and difficulties met in the program and make the necessary follow up thru proper monitoring.
    • Responsible for gathering all the data pertaining to intern’s attendance, attitude, performance, productivity reports and evaluation within and outside the Institutions.
    • Act as a liaison among the faculty members, supervisors and the rest of the members of the Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee.
  • Role of Intern Clinic Director
    • Monitor the overall Clinical activities of the Interns with the help of the Chief Auxiliary Service.
    • Responsible for assuring the interns performance meet the quality and quantitative expectation level.
    • Responsible for arranging regular sessions with the Faculty Supervisors to discuss interns’ progress.
    • Responsible for investigating complaints on interns misbehavior or negligence and provide the necessary solutions.
    • Responsible for the supervision of other faculties in charge of interns in the clinic thus
      • Ensuring that all patients treatment plan will be checked and approved prior to the initiation of the case and appropriate treatment will be provided to the patient before dismissal.
      • Assuring proper documentation of treatment procedures will be recorded
    • Responsible for setting a meeting with the interns in groups in his convenient time to discuss clinical concerns.
    • Responsible for submitting bi-monthly reports of interns with regards to their clinical evaluation thru the assistance of the Chief Auxiliary Services.
  • Role of Intern Research Director
    • Directs the overall activities related to the Intern Research Projects.
    • Responsible for the orientation of interns regarding the official format and guidelines to be followed in research projects.
    • Responsible for overseeing interns research presentations.
    • Responsible for evaluating the Interns Research Project Presentations.
    • Responsible for motivating the interns to submit their research projects for future publications.
    • Responsible for monitoring the intern and research supervisors’ progress in the research preparation.
    • Responsible for submitting a bi-monthly progress report of the research activities to the Interns Quality Assurance Office thru the Research Centre Office.
  • Role of Intern Community Director
    • Responsible for the Orientation of Interns regarding their Community Projects.
    • Responsible for acquainting the interns with the overall guidelines in community projects preparation.
    • Responsible for all Interns Community Projects Preparation.
    • Responsible for Guiding Interns in accomplishing Official Reports of their Community Projects.
    • Responsible for submitting summary reports of all community projects to the Interns Quality Assurance Office.
  • Role of Intern Seminar Director
    • Responsible for organizing the Advance Education Seminars including the Treatment Planning Sessions.
    • Responsible for guiding the interns regarding the topics selection.
    • Responsible for inviting the supervisors in charge of guiding the interns in their seminars.
    • Responsible for assigning facilitators and panel of interns who will provide questions to the presenters for each session.
    • Responsible for reviewing the CD of the presentation prior to the actual date and advising the interns to provide hard copies to the attendees to promote active participation.
    • Responsible for the Scheduling Arrangements of Interns thru the assistance of the Chief Auxiliary Staff.
    • Responsible for attending these seminars and instill discipline in the attendance and behavior of interns in didactic activities.
    • Responsible for providing weekly and monthly report regarding the details of each presentation (topic and date) and the interns evaluation for submission to the Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office thru the assistance of the Chief Auxiliary Staff.
    • Responsible for providing weekly and monthly report of attendance and behavior of Interns in Didactic Activities to the Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office thru the assistance of the Chief Auxiliary Staff.
  • Role of Continuing Education and Post-Internship Preparation Director
    • Responsible for running activities preparation to Saudi Health Board Exam and American National Board Examinations.
    • Responsible for organizing conferences and symposium activities.
  • Role of Intern Outside Rotation Director
    • Responsible for the overall coordination with the outside training institutions regarding intern’s performance, attendance, evaluation and other concerns.
    • Responsible for visiting the interns in their respective outside training institutions to monitor their activities and progress.
    • Responsible for submitting Monthly Progress report of all interns in outside rotation.
    • Responsible for the Preparation of the Interns Annual Rotation Summary Report and its regular updating.
    • Responsible for the up to date submission of Evaluation Reports of interns on outside rotation.
    • Responsible for coordinating with the Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office regarding the necessary documents needed by the interns in other training institutions.
  • Role of Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office Director
    • Responsible for the Quality Assurance of the Internship Programs.
    • Responsible for receiving all the reports from the different members of the QAGITPC and organizing them in an acceptable format matching the standard of National Commission for Academic Assessment and Accreditation (NCAAA) to be presented to the Chairman of QAGITPC for the necessary actions to be undertaken and to be implemented thru Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office.
    • Responsible for preparing the agenda of the bi-monthly meeting of the QAGITPC after counseling from its Chairman.
    • Responsible for monitoring reports and answering the e-mails from intern@riyadh.edu.sa mails after direct consultation with the Chairman of the QAGITPC.
    • Responsible for coordinating with the Chief Auxiliary Services at each campus to organize the initial draft of the yearly interns training clinical schedule for all the six (6) ROTAs and get final approval from the Chairman of the QAGITPC prior to its release.
    • Responsible for coordinating the reports and the items which must be discussed each rota and to inform the Chairman of QAGITPC for any deviation from the original intern plan.
    • Responsible for the software management of intern training program.
  • Role of Chief Auxiliary Services
    • Responsible for the monitoring of the Interns Punctuality in the Clinic including daily and weekly report of attendance.
    • Responsible for accurate monthly reports of Clinic Productivity results.
    • Responsible for reporting by email to the Intern Quality Assurance Office Director all requests of Interns regarding their training.
    • Responsible for collecting the CD of finished comprehensive cases.
    • Responsible for collecting the CD and hard copies of advance education seminars, treatment planning sessions and intern research presentations.
    • Responsible for compiling the Intern Research Books (4 pcs.) after each presentation and its submission to the Library, Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office, Rector’s Office and Dean’s office.
    • Responsible for the safekeeping of interns’ logbooks in and outside the college.
Clinical Requirements

The Clinical Requirements of the Program has been designed to simulate a group practice environment. The interns' experience will evolve with their interactions with the dental auxiliary and supervising staff. The Intern must accomplish the following:
    • Minimum of (6) finished comprehensive cases
      • (3) finished comprehensive adult cases (documented in CD format) or
      • (2) finished comprehensive adult cases and (1) finished comprehensive pediatric case (documented in CD format)
    • The remaining (3) comprehensive finished cases (adult or pediatric) can be equivalent to:
      • (9) non-comprehensive finished cases or
      • (90) single procedures except placement of temporary fillings, fluoride treatment, pits and fissure sealant and oral prophylaxis
      • Only single procedures will be accepted in outside rotation if documented in the logbook with stamp and signature of supervisor and specification of the number of treatment procedures during the training in the clinic evaluation form
A. Comprehensive Cases in CD format
      • The finished comprehensive cases in CD format must be (2) adult cases and (1) pediatric case.
      • Only one (1) of the adult cases must be fully documented while the remaining (2) cases must contain patient data including the File Nos. with pre and post operative photographs and radiographs including the treatment plan.
      • These aforementioned cases must be saved in one (1) CD only.
      • Photocopies of the Approved Treatment Plan for all the (3) cases must accompany the CD.
      • A copy of the Treatment Plan Non-Acceptance Form (see Appendices) must be included in cases where patients refuse a particular treatment procedure.
      • The deadline to submit this CD will be on the last day of the 5th Rota. Those interns who will still not comply will have (1) month extension of internship training.
      • This CD must be submitted to the office of the Chief Auxiliary Services which in turn will issue a slip as a proof that it was received.
      • This CD will then be reviewed by the Clinic Intern directors and an email with their comments and needed revisions will be sent to you within (10) days by the Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office.
      • All modified CD must be submitted to the Office of the Chief Auxiliary Service on or before the last day of the first month of the 6th Rota.
      • Those who will fail to submit CD which needs modification on this deadline will have (10) days of training extension.
B. Booked Patient Clinic (General Dental Practice)
      • It is a must for every intern to send his/her patients to register future appointment(s) with the booking secretary. Any intern who makes verbal appointment or fails to give an official appointment slip to his/her patient will be held responsible for non-registration of the patient.
      • Maximum allowed time for every booked patient is one (1) hour, however for major procedures, time of treatment may be extended.
      • The daily procedures made for the patients need to be recorded on the patient file and the log book.
      • Patient's files and Logbook must not be taken outside the colleges premises and should be returned at the end of each treatment session to the area supervisor.
      • Logbooks can only be taken by the intern for usage for outside rotation purposes
      • Any referral to the Specialist or Postgraduate Clinic needs to be signed by Intern's supervising
      • Interns are not allowed to have special booking unless it is approved by the Supervising Faculty and coordinated with the Area Supervisors and Chief Auxiliary Services.
      • Special arrangement and procedure has to be undertaken for treating patient with contagious diseases.
      • Outgoing interns with unfinished cases should accomplish the Unfinished Cases Forms and Patient Transfer Request in transferring the case to the incoming interns.
      • Any slot in the booked session (failed to come, cancelled patients, no booking) automatically will be allocated to the Primary Care patients.
C. Guidelines for Comprehensive Dental Care
      • The clinical cases assigned to Interns are varied and are from all clinical specialties; Preventive dentistry, Operative dentistry, Endodontics, Prosthodontics, Periodontics, Pediatric dentistry, Diagnosis Sciences, Oral Maxillofacial Surgery etc.
      • Every case must be fully documented. The documentation must include accurate dental records, relevant medical records, detailed treatment records, full mouth radiographs or OPG, diagnostic casts and where possible clinical photographs.
      • A sequential treatment plan must be approved by the instructor in charge and this must be documented in the file of the patient.
      • The Intern must be ready and able to present and/ or discuss the treatment plan of the assigned case(s).
      • Information on assigned clinical case to be presented must include the following:
        • Patients profile (name, gender, etc.)
        • Chief complaint
        • Medical and Dental history
        • Extra and Intra-oral clinical examination
        • Investigative reports - Xrays, laboratory reports etc., diagnostic cast.
        • Clinical Diagnosis
        • Objective of/and Proposed Treatment Plan.
        • Nutrition /Diet analysis and oral hygiene protocol
      • Documentation, with digital camera of clinical procedures is required (Pre-treatment, during treatment and Post treatment photographs)
      • Each completed case must be fully documented. The appropriate forms must be duly signed by the faculty supervisor(s).
General Rules of Primary Dental Care (PDC):
      • The basic information, medical history, chief compliant and the clinical findings and procedures should be clearly recorded in details in patients' file.
      • The time allowed for each patient in the PDC should not exceed 45 minutes. However for major procedures, time may be extended.
      • A primary care patient suitable for student cases and with the consent of the patient must be referred to the students immediately. However, the patient should not be referred if he/she is in need of immediate treatment for his/her complaint or choose to avail the services of the intern. Primary care patients can be referred to the hygienist if periodontal care is needed.
      • Interns in the PDC are advised against doing cases beyond the scope of emergency and primary care.
      • Primary Care Interns are obliged to stay in their respective clinics till the end of the session and to be ready any time to see a patient.
      • Those interns assigned in General Practice sessions will be assigned in Primary Care sessions including Screening duty based on the conditions below:
        • No booked patient
        • With failed to come patients after giving 30 minutes allowance
        • Interns whose patients cancelled their appointments
      • The daily procedures made for the patients need to be recorded on the patient file and the log book.
      • Logbooks can only be taken by the intern for usage in outside rotation to document his or her patient’s treatment procedures with signature and stamp of the supervisors.
Procedures that can be performed in the PDC:
    • Treatment of the chief complaint of an emergency patient.
    • Preventive Treatment.
    • Restorative treatment includes:
      • Amalgam and tooth colored restoration.
      • Re-cementation of fixed-prostheses.
      • Repair of provisional fixed partial denture
    • Endodontic treatment:
      • Initial root canal therapy (pulp extirpation and pain control).
      • Complete treatment of single rooted tooth and straight forward cases of multi-rooted teeth. An Intern who will initiate the root canal treatment must be the one to complete it during the regular booking session.
    • Surgical procedures:
      • A simple non surgical extraction (elective extraction should be referred to student courses)
      • Other surgical procedures (transalveolar surgery, incision and drainage, biopsy, impaction etc.) should not be done without prior discussion with the surgeon supervisor.
    • Removable Prosthodontic Procedures:
      • Repair of broken removable complete and partial denture.
    • Periodontic Treatment:
      • Treatment of gingivitis and early Periodontitis.
    • Pedodontics Treatment:
      • Amalgam and tooth-colored Restoration
      • Extraction
    • Consultation with proper arrangement with the Specialist.
Didactic Part of the Internship Program

A. Research Project Preparation and Presentation

Each intern is requested to work in a group with other colleagues in preparing and presenting a scientific research project. The research topic is usually selected by the intern and carried out under the supervision of a faculty supervisor. Selection of the topic is usually done at the beginning of the internship. This is mainly to give him/her the chance in picking up the right topic and to find the interested faculty supervisor who may offer his/her help and guidance in the completion of the project during the internship training program.
  • Objectives
    • Ability to identify research topic and write a related Research Proposal.
    • Ability to carry out the research
    • Ability to write the outcome of the research using the IMRAD format
  • Rules and Guidelines for Interns' Research Manuscript

    Report should be submitted to the ITPC Chairman at least two weeks before the scheduled day of presentation. The manuscript should be prepared in English language in a type written format. The manuscript should include the title, author(s), and their affiliations, abstract, body of the main work acknowledgement and references. The title must be concise, informative and representative of the study. A summary or an abstract written in Arabic and English languages must appear in the first page. It should state the purpose of the study, basic procedures, main findings and the principal conclusions.

    The introduction states clearly the value and scientific merit of the research with relevant literature review for which the study is based. It should cover the related articles from the different published peer-reviewed journals that could be obtained from any available database. At the end of the section, a precise statement for which the research is aimed to is to be addressed in order to draw the connected relation between the conclusions and objectives.

    The section of materials and methods should briefly describe the subjects utilized in the study and the methodology employed in the selection and analysis. The main results should always come next to materials and methods and include the findings of the study presented in text and numerical format with the appropriate statistical references. Simplified tables and/or figures and relative illustrations are to be attached but with no repetition. All figures, tables and illustrations are to be identified clearly with brief and conclusive captions. There should be a useful detailed discussion of the significance of the result in other observations related to the study. Methods by which subjects were assessed and the success of experiments should be judge. In the section of conclusion, only those findings supported by data are presented. This is followed by a short statement on the recommendation for further study if this is applicable. All references which have been cited or referred to in the study should be listed in the section of references or bibliography. The Research Center of RCsDP has specified the format for writing a Manuscript. By the end of manuscript, the author(s) is/are expected to acknowledge all persons who may have generously offered their scientific or technical assistance during the course and preparation of the research.
  • Other Rules and Guidelines
    • An interns or trainees project will not be considered as requirement if he or she has shown any of the following as reported by his or her supervisor and affirmed by the project director:
      • Minimal Involvement
      • Lack of Cooperation
      • Misdemeanor
      • Punctuality Issues
    • The intern / trainee showing any of the above except item no. 4 will be required to have or join another project.
    • Any intern / trainee who failed to show up or arrived late in a research presentation will be allowed to be scheduled for presentation of the same project as long as he/she is reported officially by his/her supervisor to have a maximum involvement in the research project.
B. Treatment Planning Session

The treatment planning session serves as a forum for interaction by the faculty and clinical instructors in discussing procedures in the treatment of complicated cases. Each intern will be given a chance to present cases for discussion with other interns.
  • Objectives
    • To develop the intern's skill in formulating an appropriate and excellent treatment plan for patients before executing treatment.
    • To provide an intern with insight to resolve and determine the problem and difficulties that may be encountered in their discussion of different treatment modalities.
    • To guide the intern on how to recognize and refer difficult cases to faculties for professional help and advice.
  • Rules and Guidelines
    • Should have interesting diagnostics and/or treatment planning approaches (see Appendices).
    • Full clinical examination with clinical slides before and after treatment with mounted study casts are required and have to be prepared ahead of time.
    • The format during the undergraduate treatment planning session has to be followed during the presentation.
    • If the post operative status cannot be presented on the date of presentation, the intern will be advised to have re-presentation and be given another schedule.
    • Any cancellation of scheduled presentation can only be approved based on the following guidelines:
      • If another intern is willing to interchange his/her schedule with another intern
      • Due to any justifiable or valid reason
    • All unapproved cancellation will subject the intern to disciplinary measure
C. Advanced Education Seminar

These include selected presentations given by interns, faculty members of the Colleges and invited speakers covering new advances in a wide range of dental and allied medical sciences topics. A new format for the Scientific activities which includes the Advanced Education Seminars is to make use of the different resources at Riyadh Colleges of Dentistry and Pharmacy with the assistance of postgraduate students and faculty members acting as supervisors to the interns as well as to hold monthly multidisciplinary medical practice presentation from invited lecturers.

Its primary goal is to continuously uplift the quality of education in Riyadh Colleges of Dentistry and Pharmacy and secondly to motivate the postgraduate students as part of their training requirements to have active participation in the aforementioned activity thru their supervision and assistance to our dental interns.
  • Objectives
    • To expose the interns to current concepts in dentistry in order to upgrade their skills and widened their knowledge on certain topics
    • To improve their verbal communication skills and enhance their mastery in the usage of audio visual aids through formal lectures and seminar presentations.
  • Rules and Guidelines
    • Selected topics will be made available to the interns by the beginning of each rotation.
    • The topic must cover a minimum of (15) and maximum of (25) references from scientific refereed (peer-reviewed) journals.
    • Interns must avail of the hard copies of these references which must be from current and old literature.
    • Interns must prepare a manuscript for this literature review as well as to present it by Powerpoint presentation and be guided with the following:


      Page 1


      Page 2
    • Postgraduate students will act as supervisors to the interns to these selected topics and in doing so will garner additional points that will give a great impact on their total evaluation in the, postgraduate program
    • The interns on the other hand, will be evaluated based on their Advanced Education Seminar presentation, over all work and cooperation with their assigned postgraduate supervisors or faculty
    • The interns’ advanced education seminar presentation is a requirement in the internship training program.
    • In case of cancellation of scheduled presentation, approval can be taken based on the following:
      • If another intern is willing to interchange his/her schedule with another intern
      • Due to any justifiable or valid reason
    • All unapproved cancellation will subject the intern to disciplinary measure.
  • Role of Postgraduate Program Directors
    • To explain to the post graduate students the importance of RCsDP educational system wherein their tasks of supervising the interns in their advanced education seminar is a vital part of their learning progress.
    • To monitor in a weekly basis the progress of the Post graduate students‘ intern supervision
    • To attend the presentation of the interns their postgraduate students are supervising based on their field of specialties on their time availability.
    • To provide a post presentation evaluation of the postgraduate students based on the quality of their supervision of the interns.
  • Role of Postgraduate Students
    • To fully cooperate in the supervision of dental interns in the preparation of their Advanced Education Seminar presentation
    • To discuss with the interns thru meetings in their available schedule and via electronic communication pertaining to the preparation of the in advanced education seminar presentation
    • To help and provide literature research references and guidelines to the interns related to topic of presentation
    • To edit and finalize the intern’s presentation according to the format of the advanced education seminar which is as follows:
      • The topic must cover a minimum of (15) and maximum of (25) references from scientific refereed (peer-reviewed) journals.
      • Interns must avail of the hard copies of these references which must be from current and old literature.
      • Interns must prepare a manuscript for this literature review as well as to present it by Powerpoint presentation and be guided with the following:
        • the cover page must have the name of Riyadh Colleges of Dentistry and Pharmacy, the title of the topic, name of presentor, name of supervisor, date of presentation, time and venue.
        • the succeeding pages will contain the title, introduction, aims, contents, conclusion and references.
    • To do rehearsing with the interns being supervised one (1) week before the date of presentation to assure the quality of the presentation and to give emphasis and assistance on aspects that needs improvement and / or corrections.
    • To instruct the interns to send one (1) week before the date of presentation the (PDF Copy) of the final presentation to intern@riyadh.edu.sa give the attendees ample time to read and review by email.
    • To be physically present during the presentation of the interns they are supervising to give them moral support, and to help in answering some of the questions related to the topic.
    • To evaluate the interns they are supervising by giving them marks regarding their overall rating including their comments on how to improve the intern presentation and must be specified in the evaluation form that will be provided during the date of presentation or can be send by email to: intern@riyadh.edu.sa
D. Journal Club Activity

Objectives
  • To give chance for the intern at RCDP to be updated and exposed to the current literature in a selected specialty and non-specialty journals.
  • To select journals at international level.
  • To gain knowledge from the different publications of dental journals.
Responsibilities of the Journal Club Group Leader
  • To coordinate the activity every week with all the members.
  • To distribute the job and give assignments to meet the goals and commitments of the group.
  • Responsible to send the power point presentation of the chosen article and PDF copy of the said article by email to intern@riyadh.edu.sa
  • Responsible in subscribing to the journal by arranging with the members with regards to the payment where all needs to contribute.
Responsibilities of the Journal Club Group Members
  • To cooperate with the group leader regarding their assignments.
  • To present together with the leader and other group members chosen articles by means of power point presentation.
  • To contribute to the subscription payment of the journal which will be under the name of the group leader.
Rules and Guidelines

  • Presentation
    • The Group Leader and member should gather the following information:
      • Complete name of journal
      • Aims and Scope
      • Name of publisher or publishing company
      • Name of editorial board
      • Author background
      • Country where it is published (origin of publication)
      • Date of first publication
      • Number of journals published since they started
      • Advertising information (policy, orders including subscription price, inquiries and contact numbers)
      • ISBN or ISS number
      • Frequency of Publication
    • The Group Leader should discuss the above gathered information by power point presentation for a duration of (5) minutes.
    • The succeeding presentations will be on a chosen article by the group leader and members which will be for (10) minutes.
    • Each one will be assigned to any of the following parts:
      • Abstract/Aims and Introduction
      • Materials and Methods
      • Result
      • Discussion/Conclusion and References

        The intern’s assignment should vary in succeeding presentations.
    • The Group should provide (20) questions for each chosen article, a total of (60) questions for (3) chosen articles which will be used for a scheduled journal club E-exam.
  • Evaluation
    • The presentation will be graded between 0-5 wherein “0” is the lowest and “5” is the highest and the passing mark is “3”.
    • It will be based on the following criteria:
      • Knowledge of subject
      • Attitude response to question / criticism / opinion
      • Organization, content, substance and scope
      • Communication Skills (Clarity, Pronunciation, Grammar)
      • Interaction with supervising faculty members
    • Non-submission of PDF copy and power point presentation (2) days before the scheduled presentation, the group will have (1) point deduction.
    • Any member who will not participate will receive a mark of “0”. Any member who will not participate twice or gained an average mark below “3”, needs to present (1) additional chosen article individually.
E. Community Session and Participation

Rules and Regulation
  • Number of Projects

    The total requirements for Dentistry / Dental Hygiene, Nursing and Clinical Laboratory Sciences Interns will be as follows:
    • (1) Field Group Community Project
      Master video consisting of an introduction that can motivate the participants to listen and an outline of the presentation.
    • One video for every member (Author) with a duration of 1-2 minutes
      and
      (1) Video by Group with duration of 3-4 minutes (Topic to be provided by the Faculty Ambassador) or another (1) Field Group Community Project
  • Details on E-Videos
    • All videos recommended will be reviewed by the member of the community project committee regarding quality, craftsmanship and if they uphold the country’s culture and tradition. A mark of 75% and above will qualify a video for uploading in the YouTube linked to the College website.
  • Target Population - School Children from primary to intermediate level
    Other target participants will be subjected to the discretion of the King Salman Center for Children Health.
  • Target Site - Schools in Riyadh Region
    Other target sites will be subjected to the discretion of the King Salman Center for Children Health.
  • Target Date (1st Academic Year)
    • Selection and Planning
      Whole Month of September
    • Preparation
      Whole Month of October
    • Submission of Community Videos in CD Format
      For School Community Projects - (1) Week before the date of School Community Project
      For E-Video Community Projects - End of December
    • Implementation
      1st of November to end of December
    • Assessment and Evaluation
      1st Week of January
    Target Date (2nd Academic Year)
    • Selection and Planning
      Whole Month of February
    • Preparation
      Whole Month of March
    • Submission of Community Videos in CD Format
      For School Community Projects - (1) Week before the date of School Community Project
      For E-Video Community Projects - End of May
    • Implementation
      1st of April to end of May
    • Assessment and Evaluation
      1st Week of June
  • Assessment and Evaluation of Field Community Projects

    Official questionnaires will be used to gauge the knowledge of the population on certain topics before and after the community service.

    The total evaluation will be based on the result of the above survey (Impact), Concept and Organization, Professionalism, Creativity, Presentation, Documentation and Community Project Report.
Dental Hygiene Internship Program

One of the missions of the College is a leadership role in the continuous education and training of dental hygiene graduates, equipping them to face professional challenges and to accept diverse responsibilities. A dental hygiene graduate must undertake a twelve (12) months internship to meet a mandatory requirement for full registration as Dental Hygiene Practitioner. Upon successful completion of the specified requirements, the intern will receive a certificate of competence of one-year training.

Objectives:
  • Enhance their knowledge, skills and competency in the practice of Dental Hygiene.
  • Be involved in research projects that can motivate them to show their innovative ideas and develop their scientific writing abilities.
  • Awaken their interest in pursuing graduate studies and continuing dental education.
  • Gain experience in risk assessment and management of medically compromised patients, as well as emergency and primary dental hygiene care.
  • Excel in verbal communication skills and usage of audio visual aids through formal lectures and seminar presentations.
  • Maximize their views on latest programs in oral health through community involvement.

.

Values and Visions:
  • Dental Hygiene Internship Program adheres to basic bioethical values for professional training and promotes professional social skills in human relationships.
  • Inter disciplinary cooperation is essential for the realization of our goal.
  • Improving the standard of training in dental hygiene and openness for positive changes.
  • Offering excellent training through scientifically grounded curricula and project oriented working.
  • Providing professionally competent associates and offering close integration of theory and practice and provision of modern media for self study.
  • Encouraging teamwork and free exchange of ideas.
  • Offering students individual counseling and support.
  • Offering excellent training through internal quality management.
  • Implementing leadership qualities and acquiring new know how for the future.
  • The program is designed to prepare students to meet the challenge of the changing healthcare delivery system and to establish a foundation for graduate study.
  • Always standup for our college values and visions inside the team and beyond.
Goals:
  • Training enrolled Dental Hygiene interns to graduate as exceptionally competent professionals who have combined a strong base of biological sciences and an excellent clinical education in Dental hygiene practices.
  • Inculcating in the intern a life-long commitment to the health and well-being of patients.
  • Encourage the Dental Hygiene interns to acquire the skills and develop the attitude that would-be-professionals must have to sustain their interest in scientific research, continuing education activities and meetings of their professionals associations during their active professional life.
Internship Training Program Details

The internship training program consists of the following:
  • Clinical Training (General Dental Hygiene Practice and Primary Dental Hygiene Care)
  • Hospital Training
  • Didactic Part:
    • Research Project
    • Advanced Education Seminar
  • Community Projects
The Internship Training Program is administered by the Interns’ Training Program Committee and it requires interns to participate in different clinical rotations for a period of twelve (12) months, which is divided into six (6) rotas. One of them will be for the hospital which may be chosen by anyone who has the interest for the specialty.

A. Clinical Training:

In the Colleges, interns are simultaneously involved into two disciplines of training namely: Primary Dental Hygiene Care and General Dental Hygiene Practice. The Primary Dental Hygiene Care is aimed to provide the walk-in patients with an emergency dental hygiene treatment. All types of treatment offered in the primary care sessions are expected to be completed within the allowed time in the primary clinics. The General Dental Hygiene Practice allows interns to render comprehensive dental hygiene treatment for regular patients with pre-scheduled appointments. The interns will cover the screening clinic where the patients will be transferred to the different clinics according to the complexity of the case.

B. Hospital Training:

This rota is aimed to acquaint the intern with the diagnosis and treatment of dental hygiene patients that can be performed in the out-patient clinic or in-hospital based practice. The program will also introduce the trainee into a team type practice by working closely with other dental and medical specialists. Some centers may request the trainee to carry out a night duty or an on-call commitment as part of the training program.

C. Didactic Activities:

The didactic part includes participation in advanced education seminars, and also completion and presentation of the research projects.

Interns who are assigned outside the Colleges are expected to attend all the weekly didactic activity at the colleges.

D. Community Projects:

This part stresses the importance of prevention of dental diseases through intern's involvement in community activities. The interns must carry out projects related to health education programs.

General Rules and Regulations

A. Admission to the Program

This program offers Internship training for students who successfully completed the required course work and clinical training in four major areas from year 1 to year 4 (semester L1 to L8) to complete their requirements for obtaining the Bachelor of Science Degree in Dental Hygiene.

The tuition fee is in the amount of 30,000 Saudi Riyals with an option of paying this amount into installment. First installment should be paid at the beginning of the internship and the second can be paid before the commencement of the third rotation of internship.

B. Duration and Continuity of Training
  • The internship program is for one-year (12 months) consisting of six (6) rotations. The specified period of training shall be on a continuous and uninterrupted basis.
  • A maximum of accumulated thirty (30) days official leave of absence (Emergency leave, Sick leave, Educational leave, Maternity Leave and other types of leave) are allowed during the entire training period.
  • Only a maximum of (10 ) days Emergency or Educational Leave days can be filed in a month.
  • Only a maximum of (3) days compassionate leave can be filed in case of death of an immediate family member. Copy of Death certificate must be provided within (5) days of filing.
Online Filing of Leave Guidelines
  • Emergency leave needs to be filed at least 24 hours before duty.
  • Sick leave to be filed at least 3 hours before the duty and the medical certificate/report should be provided within 2 days of the last day of leave.
  • Female intern’s maternity leave to be filed within the time frame of her duty and the medical certificate/report should be provided within 2 days from the last day of leave.
  • Educational leave to be filed at least 24 hours before duty and the Certificate of Attendance should be provided within 2 days from the last day of leave.
  • All leave including those in outside rotation must be filed after accomplishing the Leave Request Form Online and be approved to be considered official.
  • Early leave (permit to leave premises during working hours) needs to be filed at least 24 hours before duty. Interns with only half session (3 hours duty) in a day cannot file for an early leave request. Interns are only allowed to accumulate a maximum of 18 hours in the entire training period with a maximum of (3) hours per applied leave.
C. Symposia and Scientific Meetings
  • Each intern may apply to attend international and national dental symposia during the internship training period. The time spent in such symposium need not be replaced at the end of the program, provided the candidate is granted an education leave on application and presents a certificate of attendance of the symposium.
  • All applications must be filed officially following the approval process set forth in the request form.
  • A maximum of one week may be given to those who may wish to attend an international meeting while the local meetings will be based on the number of days applied.
  • Candidate who shows the interest in presenting an accepted scientific paper will have the privilege to avail more than the required number of days of educational leave if deemed necessary as approved by the Internship Training Committee.
D. Clinical Components
  • Attendance

    Punctuality in all clinics is mandatory and the daily attendance will be monitored closely. Interns should abide the official working hours in addition to the rules and regulations required by each training institution they are attending. Aside from official and unofficial absences, the other offenses are classified into the following:

    Code 1 - more than 15 minutes and less than 1 hour late
    Code 2 - more than 1 hour late
    Code 3 - leaving the college unofficially and did not report back
    Code 4 - early leave more than 15 minutes before the end of time schedule
    Code 5 - timing in but not logging out but physically present
  • Clinic Attire

    Interns are requested to take the recommendation regarding the prescribed clinical dress at working hours seriously in each training institution. Interns are obliged to use the proper identification badge. Blue jeans and casual dress are not allowed in clinical premises.
  • Professional Ethics

    Interns are expected to maintain respect and confidence of patients through sincere and honest relationship. Patient's cultural practice and individual differences must be respected. Physical treatment must be backed up with psychological support and clinician has to be sympathetic and considerate. Courtesy, cooperation and harmonious interpersonal relationship must be highly observed among all clinical staff to promote a wholesome working atmosphere in the clinic.

    The medically compromised patients and those who may suffer contagious diseases or disabilities have to find accessible treatment within the medical and dental profession. Infection control measures should be observed all the time regardless of the patient medical status. Under no circumstances should any Intern refuse or object to treat patient who may carry contagious diseases. Such attitude is medically and ethically unacceptable.
  • Discipline

    Interns will receive by email punctuality or clinic discipline reports pertaining to any incurred offenses. A reply by email to these reports from the interns is obligation within (24) hours period. Repetition of offenses will also subject the intern to disciplinary measure.

    In case of unapproved absence, negligence, misconduct, incompetence, insubordination or any other act that the interns’ superior deem unacceptable, an Intern shall be dully reported to the Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee (QAGITPC) for disciplinary action. Depending on the seriousness of the offense and upon the recommendation of the(QAGITPC) a disciplinary action may be one of the following:
    • Verbal or written warnings or probation
    • Suspension
    • Extension of training
    • Repeating a rotation
  • Evaluation

    In order to monitor the interns’ performance, it is essential that some forms of quantification and evaluation of the work carried out by the interns should be documented. Each procedure performed by the intern is recorded and will be compiled in a bi-monthly report. While in other institutions, training supervisors send their evaluation of the intern’s performance at the end of each rotation (see Appendices). By the end of the program, the intern’s performance should be evaluated and assessed by the Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee. The data for evaluation will be compiled from the summary of procedures recorded, and the decision of whether the intern has fulfilled his/her requirements or requires an extension of the program will be made.
  • Graduation

    At the end of the one-year internship program, interns will be awarded certificate of completion of the internship, provided that they have fulfilled all the requirements of the program.
E. Request Guidelines
  • If there is an intern willing to exchange with another intern, the following can be requested:
    • Change of campus
    • Change of groups
    • Change of schedule
  • Requests must be sent by email to intern@riyadh.edu.sa (14) days before the start of the incoming month. Except for change of Campus which is (14) days before the start of incoming rota. Late request will not be accepted. In this way, the clinician's number and the productivity will not be affected and proper arrangement can be made by our Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office with the Chief Auxiliary Services of each campus.
  • An intern requesting for change of campus needs to finish his/her patient's cases before it can be approved.
Administration of the Program
  • Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee (QAGITPC)

    During the entire period of the internship, all interns are under the administration of the Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee. Members of the committee hold regular meetings to discuss the progress of the program and other issues pertaining to the Interns. The Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee is appointed by the Rector as follows:
    • Chairman
    • Internship Training Program Coordinators
    • Intern Clinic Directors
    • Intern Research Director
    • Intern Research Assistant Director
    • Intern Community Director
    • Intern Seminar Director
    • Continuing Education and Post-Internship Preparation Director
    • Intern Outside Rotation Director
    • Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office Director
    • Chief Auxiliary Services
  • Dental Hygiene Interns

    The following are his/her responsibilities:
    • Patient screening procedures; review of the health history, head and neck inspection, assessment of oral health conditions, dental charting, complete periodontal examination and charting and diagnosis of periodontal problem, predicting the prognosis and formulating a treatment plan for all patients
    • Taking and developing dental radiographs (x-rays)
    • Practicing professional scaling and polishing by removing calculus and plaque (hard and soft deposits) from all surfaces of the teeth in indicated cases.
    • Applying preventive materials to the teeth (e.g., sealants and fluorides)
    • Giving oral hygiene instructions to patients by teaching patients appropriate oral hygiene strategies to maintain oral health;(e.g., tooth brushing, flossing, mouth rinses etc)
    • Counseling patients about good nutrition and its impact on oral health
    • Motivate a patient for tobacco cessation and formulate a program for quitting smoking
    • Taking impressions of patients' teeth for study casts (models of teeth used by dentists to evaluate patient treatment needs)
    • Removal of overhanging margins of restorations, placement of periodontal dressings, management of dentine hypersensitive teeth , restoration of temporary fillings in open cavities and any procedure within the scope of Dental Hygiene profession
    • Prepare leaflets, pamphlets, posters, and other educational information useful for Dental Public Health Programs.
    • Documentation and recording of all the cases handled
    • Clinical case presentation of interesting clinical cases
    • Undertake an uncomplicated research project in scope of Dental Hygiene from any perspective like basic sciences, instrumentation, clinical care, school or community dental care, special needs patients etc. under direct supervision.
    • Completion of all clinical requirements formulated by the college
  • Faculty

    The faculty has a big role in the successful administration of the program by providing support thru supervision in the clinics as well as in the research projects.
    • Role of Faculty Clinical Supervisor
      • Acts as an immediate supervisor to ensure that the assigned interns are executing comprehensive dental treatment on all their booked patients.
      • Monitors the intern's ethical behavior and professional attitudes.
      • Provides immediate assistance to the interns in clinical emergencies.
      • Urges the interns to enhance his/her experience on treatment modalities that were inadequately covered during their undergraduate training, and may also introduce techniques that were not covered at all.
      • Attains maximum interaction with the interns during their clinical supervision.
      • Updates the Program Coordinator of the QAGITCP about interns who may need special attention.
      • Is available in the clinic during the intern clinical supervision session.
      • Assists in filling up the clinical evaluation forms at the end of each rota.
      • Participates in the periodic discussion with the interns at the end of each rota.
      • Guides the interns on the appropriate method of referrals to student courses, post graduate clinic and specialist clinics.
    • Role of the Faculty Research Supervisor
      • Assist the interns in selecting research topics.
      • Assists the intern in all their preparations for their research.
      • Checks adequacy of the literature review.
      • Supervises the intern in all stages of the research projects including data collection, analysis and writing of the paper to ensure that the research paper is completed and submitted at least two weeks prior to the scheduled presentation date.
      • Provides moral support to the intern during his/her presentation by being physically present and by providing assistance in clarifying questions or issues which may be raised during the open forum.
      • Updates the QAGITPC Chairman with the progress of the intern research project.
      • Accomplishes the evaluation form promptly at the end of the intern's presentation.
Responsibilities of Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee (QAGITPC)
  • Role of Intern Training Program Committee Chairman
    • Monitors the overall process of the training program and prepares the needed internal communications.
    • Is responsible for calling meetings to discuss significant developments and other relevant activities.
  • Role of Internship Training Program Coordinators
    • Supervise the implementation of the internship training program.
    • Responsible for reporting achievements and difficulties met in the program and make the necessary follow up thru proper monitoring.
    • Responsible for gathering all the data pertaining to intern’s attendance, attitude, performance, productivity reports and evaluation within and outside Institutions.
    • Act as a liaison among the faculty members, supervisors and the rest of the members of the Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee.
  • Role of Intern Clinic Director
    • Monitor the overall Clinical activities of the Interns with the help of the Chief Auxiliary Service.
    • Responsible for assuring the interns performance meet the quality and quantitative expectation level.
    • Responsible for arranging regular sessions with the Faculty Supervisors to discuss interns' progress.
    • Responsible for investigating complaints on interns misbehavior or negligence and provide the necessary solutions.
    • Responsible for the supervision of other faculties in charge of interns in the clinic thus
      • Ensuring that all patients treatment plan will be checked and approved prior to the initiation of the case and appropriate treatment will be provided to the patient before dismissal.
      • Assuring proper documentation of treatment procedures will be recorded on the files and logbooks.
      • Making sure that Procedural slips were accomplished by the interns after the treatment was made.
    • Responsible for setting a meeting with the interns in groups in his convenient time to discuss clinical concerns.
    • Responsible for submitting bi-monthly reports of interns with regards to their clinical evaluation thru the assistance of the Chief Auxiliary Services.
  • Role of Intern Research Director
    • Directs the overall activities related to the Intern Research Projects.
    • Responsible for the orientation of interns regarding the official format and guidelines to be followed in research projects.
    • Responsible for overseeing interns research presentations.
    • Responsible for evaluating the Interns Research Project Presentations.
    • Responsible for motivating the interns to submit their research projects for future publications.
    • Responsible for monitoring the intern and research supervisors' progress in the research preparation.
    • Responsible for submitting a bi-monthly progress report of the research activities to the Interns Quality Assurance Office thru the Research Centre Office.
  • Role of Intern Community Director
    • Responsible for the Orientation of Interns regarding their Community Projects.
    • Responsible for acquainting the interns with the overall guidelines in community projects preparation.
    • Responsible for all Interns Community Projects Preparation.
    • Responsible for Guiding Interns in accomplishing Official Reports of their Community Projects.
    • Responsible for submitting summary reports of all community projects to the Interns Quality Assurance Office.
  • Role of Intern Seminar Director
    • Responsible for organizing the Advance Education Seminars including the Treatment Planning Sessions.
    • Responsible for guiding the interns regarding the topics selection.
    • Responsible for inviting the supervisors in charge of guiding the interns in their seminars.
    • Responsible for assigning facilitators and panel of interns who will provide questions to the presenters for each session.
    • Responsible for reviewing the CD of the presentation prior to the actual date and advising the interns to provide hard copies to the attendees to promote active participation.
    • Responsible for the Scheduling Arrangements of Interns thru the assistance of the Chief Auxiliary Staff.
    • Responsible for attending these seminars and instill discipline in the attendance and behavior of interns in didactic activities.
    • Responsible for providing weekly and monthly report regarding the details of each presentation (topic and date) and the interns evaluation for submission to the Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office thru the assistance of the Chief Auxiliary Staff.
    • Responsible for providing weekly and monthly report of attendance and behavior of Interns in Didactic Activities to the Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office thru the assistance of the Chief Auxiliary Staff.
  • Role of Continuing Education and Post-Internship Preparation Director
    • Responsible for running activities preparation to Saudi Health Board Exam and American National Board Examinations.
    • Responsible for organizing conferences and symposium activities.
  • Role of Intern Outside Rotation Director
    • Responsible for the overall coordination with the outside training institutions regarding intern’s performance, attendance, evaluation and other concerns.
    • Responsible for visiting the interns in their respective outside training institutions to monitor their activities and progress.
    • Responsible for submitting Monthly Progress report of all interns in outside rotation.
    • Responsible for the Preparation of the Interns Annual Rotation Summary Report and its regular updating.
    • Responsible for the up to date submission of Evaluation Reports of interns on outside rotation.
    • Responsible for coordinating with the Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office regarding the necessary documents needed by the interns in other training institutions.
  • Role of Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office Director
    • Responsible for the Quality Assurance of the Internship Programs.
    • Responsible for receiving all the reports from the different members of the QAGITPC and organizing them in an acceptable format matching the standard of National Commission for Academic Assessment and Accreditation (NCAAA) to be presented to the Chairman of QAGITPC for the necessary actions to be undertaken and to be implemented thru Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office.
    • Responsible for preparing the agenda of the bi-monthly meeting of the QAGITPC after counseling from its Chairman.
    • Responsible for monitoring reports and answering the e-mails from intern@riyadh.edu.sa mails after direct consultation with the Chairman of the QAGITPC.
    • Responsible for coordinating with the Chief Auxiliary Services at each campus to organize the initial draft of the yearly interns training clinical schedule for all the six (6) ROTAs and get final approval from the Chairman of the QAGITPC prior to its release.
    • Responsible for coordinating the reports and the items which must be discussed each rota and to inform the Chairman of QAGITPC for any deviation from the original intern plan.
    • Responsible for the software management of intern training program which is now under development.
  • Role of Chief Auxiliary Services
    • Responsible for the monitoring of the Interns Punctuality in the Clinic including daily and weekly report of attendance.
    • Responsible for accurate monthly reports of Clinic Productivity results.
    • Responsible for reporting by email to the Intern Quality Assurance Director all requests of Interns regarding their training.
    • Responsible for collecting the CD of finished comprehensive cases.
    • Responsible for collecting the CD and hard copies of advance education seminars, treatment planning sessions and intern research presentations.
    • Responsible for compiling the Intern Research Books (4 pcs.) after each presentation and its submission to the Library, Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office, Rector’s Office and Dean's office.
    • Responsible for the safekeeping of interns’ logbooks in and outside the college.
Clinical Requirements

Guidelines for Comprehensive Dental Hygiene Care
  • Every case must be fully documented. The documentation must include accurate dental records, relevant medical records, detailed treatment records, full mouth radiographs or OPG, diagnostic casts and where possible clinical photographs.
  • A sequential treatment plan must be approved by the instructor in charge and this must be documented in the file of the patient.
  • The Intern must be ready and able to present and/ or discuss the treatment plan of the assigned case(s).
  • Information on assigned clinical case to be presented must include the following:
    • Patients profile (name, gender, etc.)
    • Chief complaint
    • Medical and Dental history
    • Extra and Intra-oral clinical examination
    • Investigative reports - Xrays, laboratory reports etc., diagnostic cast.
    • Clinical Diagnosis
    • Objective of/and Proposed Treatment Plan.
    • Nutrition /Diet analysis and oral hygiene protocol
Internship Program Clinical Requirements

Approved Clinical Requirements of Dental Hygiene Internship Training per rotation in Riyadh Colleges of Dentistry and Pharmacy

Procedure Minimum Requirement Comments
Complete case
Review of Health history, oral inspection of disease,
Complete periodontal examination, charting and treatment plan,
Oral hygiene instructions
Scaling and polishing
10 patients 2Periodontitis cases with X rays ,photos & study casts
1 orthodontic treatment case
1 fixed prosthesis case
1 heavy stains case
1 scaling done with root planning and local anesthetic injection
Extra credit for assisting any periodontal surgery case
From the minimum requirement of scaling for 10 patients, the following clinical procedures may be completed as follows:
Application of Fluoride 6 patients Atleast 4 pedo cases
Application of pit and fissure sealants Patients Atleast 8 teeth
Management of Dentine Hypersensitivity Patients Atleast 5 teeth
Periodontal Dressing 1 full mouth Done on patients or typhodonts, upper and lower
Matrix band placement 2 cases Patients
Polishing amalgam restoration 2 teeth Patients
Polishing composite resin restoration 2 teeth Patients
Restoration of temporary filling in open cavity 2 teeth Patients
Diet Analysis and Diet counseling 8 patients With diet advise (24 hour)
Radiographic interpretation 5 cases Minimum 3 panoramic x-rays


Internship Program Clinical Requirements

Approved Clinical Requirements of Dental Hygiene Internship Training per rotation in Outside Institution

Procedure Minimum Requirement
Scaling and polishing (4 quadrants per patient) 10 patients


Didactic Part of the Internship Program

A. Research Project Preparation and Presentation

Each intern is requested to work in a group with other colleagues in preparing and presenting a scientific research project. The research topic is usually selected by the intern and carried out under the supervision of a faculty supervisor. Selection of the topic is usually done at the beginning of the internship. This is mainly to give him/her the chance in picking up the right topic and to find the interested faculty supervisor who may offer his/her help and guidance in the completion of the project during the internship training program.
  • Objectives
    • Ability to identify research topic and write a related Research Proposal.
    • Ability to carry out the research
    • Ability to write the outcome of the research using the IMRAD format
  • Rules and Guidelines for Interns’ Research Manuscript

    The research report should be submitted to the ITPC Chairman at least two weeks before the scheduled day of presentation. The manuscript should be prepared in English language in a type written format. The manuscript should include the title, author(s), and their affiliations, abstract, body of the main work acknowledgement and references. The title must be concise, informative and representative of the study. A summary or an abstract written in Arabic and English languages must appear in the first page. It should state the purpose of the study, basic procedures, main findings and the principal conclusions.

    The introduction states clearly the value and scientific merit of the research with relevant literature review for which the study is based. It should cover the related articles from the different published peer-reviewed journals that could be obtained from any available database. At the end of the section, a precise statement for which the research is aimed to is to be addressed in order to draw the connected relation between the conclusions and objectives.

    The section of materials and methods should briefly describe the subjects utilized in the study and the methodology employed in the selection and analysis. The main results should always come next to materials and methods and include the findings of the study presented in text and numerical format with the appropriate statistical references. Simplified tables and/or figures and relative illustrations are to be attached but with no repetition. All figures, tables and illustrations are to be identified clearly with brief and conclusive captions. There should be a useful detailed discussion of the significance of the result in other observations related to the study. Methods by which subjects were assessed and the success of experiments should be judge. In the section of conclusion, only those findings supported by data are presented. This is followed by a short statement on the recommendation for further study if this is applicable. All references which have been cited or referred to in the study should be listed in the section of references or bibliography. The Research Center of RCsDP has specified the format for writing a Manuscript. By the end of manuscript, the author(s) is/are expected to acknowledge all persons who may have generously offered their scientific or technical assistance during the course and preparation of the research.
  • Other Rules and Guidelines
    • An interns or trainees project will not be considered as requirement if he or she has shown any of the following as reported by his or her supervisor and affirmed by the project director:
      • Minimal Involvement
      • Lack of Cooperation
      • Misdemeanor
      • Punctuality Issues
    • The intern / trainee showing any of the above except item no. 4 will be required to have or join another project.
    • Any intern / trainee who failed to show up or arrived late in a research presentation will be allowed to be scheduled for presentation of the same project as long as he/she is reported officially by his/her supervisor to have a maximum involvement in the research project.
B. Community Session and Participation

Riyadh Colleges take the lead with the preventive program. Interns will be encouraged to participate in various oral health programs aimed towards the community. Speakers in the dental public health will be invited to conduct seminars for this session.
  • Objectives
    • To decrease dental caries and periodontal diseases incidence and prevalence.
    • To control infection and septic focuses due to dental lesions.
    • To minimize tooth loss emphasizing on teeth restoration modalities.
    • To alert community about the hazards of smoking and its relation to oral cancer.
    • To emphasize the role of fluoride, fissure sealants and oral irrigators' role in prevention of plaque accumulation, dental carries and oral diseases.
  • Rules and Guidelines
    • A minimum requirement of 2 group projects must be completed during internship program to satisfy the community activity requirement
    • Any intern who has minimal involvement in the project as reported officially by his/her supervisor and affirmed by the program coordinator needs to join again any ongoing community projects.
    • An intern should review the project details with the project supervisor who may correct the scientific information and any activities or procedures which are to be done or undertaken during the implementation of the project
    • Designing or planning a community project

    • Registration of the project proposal
      • No community project shall be implemented without registration.
      • All community project proposals must include all the elements required and be prepared and written in accordance with the prescribed format and must be registered using the form which is downloadable using the link: http://www.riyadh.edu.sa/qac/forms_templates.php
      • All proposals must be approved and signed by all the following and in this order:
        • Project Leader
        • Faculty Supervisor
        • Marketing Coordinator
        • Director of Prince Salman Center
        • Community Project Coordinator
        • Internship Training Program Coordinator
        • Dean
      • Reporting and Evaluation
        • After the completion of any community project, a report with all the elements as in the registration form shall be prepared and submitted in both ARABIC and ENGLISH complete with all documentations including audio-visual evidence. The report will be reviewed, corrected and evaluated for acceptance by the College Quality Assurance Center prior to final submission to the concerned offices and departments.
        • Community projects can be submitted as DVD format, between 2-4 minutes duration of video presentation on oral health promotion as individual projects and uploaded in the YOUTUBE or in the traditional way as a group project held in the community with official report supported with pictures and other documentation
Internship Training Program Outcomes

The DH Intern should be able to:
  • Collect, analyze and document data on the general, oral and psychosocial health status of a variety of patients using methods consistent with medico legal principles.
  • Use critical decision making skills to reach conclusions about the client’s comprehensive dental hygiene needs based on all available assessment data.
  • Collaborate with the patient and / or other health professionals to formulate a mutual dental hygiene treatment plan.
  • Provide specialized treatment that includes preventative and therapeutic services designed to achieve and maintain oral health.
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of the implemented clinical, preventive and educational services.
  • Participate in professional development.
  • Provide dental hygiene care to promote patient health and wellness using critical thinking and problem solving using an evidence-based approach.
  • Treat medically compromised and disabled patients efficiently.
  • Assist dentists in effectively managing all emergency procedures according to Patient Resuscitation Protocol.
  • Provide planned educational services using interpersonal communication skills and educational strategies to promote optimal health.
  • Initiate and assume responsibility for community involvement of diverse populations and implement wide range of activities in Dental Public Health Education.
  • o Practice the WHO strategies for preventive measures in Dentistry for the population at risk like school children, special needs patients etc.
  • Participate actively in oral health promotion and preventive dentistry community programs
  • Efficiently counsel a patient in need of nutrition care
Career Opporunities

A licensed dental hygienist after undergoing the internship training has the option of working in such practice settings as:
  • Dental Colleges or Schools
  • National and local government Health Departments
  • Private Dental Offices and Clinics
  • Educational programs for Dental Hygiene and Dental Assisting students.
  • Private Business and Industry like corporate sales, dental supply companies, pharmaceutical corporations etc.
  • Health Insurance Companies.
  • Health Maintenance Organizations.
  • Health Research Institutions.
  • Special needs facilities centre
  • Geriatric facilities centre
Terminologies
  • Dental Hygiene

    Dental hygiene is a health profession, the training for which is offered in a school or department of dental hygiene. The profession seeks to provide treatment for existing oral diseases, to assist people in maintaining an optimal level of oral health and to prevent oral diseases through clinical services, education, consultative planning and evaluation activities. The primary aim of dental hygiene is the promotion of total health through the prevention of disease. This aim is consistent with the prescribed and recognized level of training of a dental hygienist.
  • Dental Hygienist

    The Dental hygienist, as a licensed health care professional, is a member of the health care team, whose primary focus is the prevention and the treatment of oral diseases. In the Riyadh Colleges of Dentistry and Pharmacy (RCDP), the Dental Hygienist obtains the Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) degree and is thereafter professionally credentialed RDH (Registered Dental Hygienist) by the Saudi Council for Health Sciences after undergoing the internship training program.

 

Clinical Laboratory Science Internship Program

The mission of the internship is for the clinical laboratory intern, over a period of time, to attain and build upon the knowledge, skills, responsibilities, and ability to safely, efficiently, and effectively practice laboratory work under the laws and rules of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Objectives
  • To identify tests that would be performed in a high volume or stat laboratory
  • Ensuring the safe and accurate preparation and calculation of reagents and devices. The clinical laboratory intern shall perform calculations required to carry out different tests required in each section involved
  • To give technologists a basic understanding of how and why these tests are performed
  • To expose technologists to some of the diseases process associated with tests
  • Understanding the management in clinical laboratory. The clinical laboratory-intern shall develop a general understanding of the business procedures of labs and develop knowledge concerning the employment and supervision of laboratory employee.

.

Each module focuses on the clinical tests used in each area. The clinical significance of the test, the sample required, the limitations or interference’s, and common reporting protocols will be examined. The case studies will provide an opportunity to integrate clinical information from each discipline.

The internship training program consists of the following:
  • Hospital Training
  • Didactic Part:
    • Research Project
    • Advanced Education Seminar
  • Community Projects
The Internship Training Program is administered by the Interns’ Training Program Committee and it requires interns to participate in different clinical laboratory rotations for a period of twelve (12) months, which is divided into six (6) rotas.

A. Hospital Training

The training will be spent in chosen hospital wherein they will be trained in different laboratory sections.

B. Didactic Activities

The didactic part includes participation in treatment planning sessions, advanced education seminars, and also completion and presentation of the research projects.

Interns who are assigned outside the Colleges are expected to attend all the weekly didactic activity at the colleges.

C. Community Projects

This part stresses the importance of prevention of diseases through intern's involvement in community activities. The interns must carry out projects related to health education programs.

General Rules and Regulations

A. Admission to the Program

This program is open to graduates with a Bachelor of clinical laboratory Science Degree. The program fee is 40,000 Saudi Riyals with an option of paying the amount. Two installments, first installment will be at the beginning of the internship and the second installment should be paid before the commencement of the fourth rota.

B. Duration and Continuity of Training
  • The internship program is for one-year (12 months) consisting of six (6) rotations. The specified period of training shall be on a continuous and uninterrupted basis.
  • A maximum of accumulated thirty (30) days official leave of absence (Emergency leave, Sick leave, Educational leave, Maternity Leave and other types of leave) are allowed during the entire training period.
  • Only a maximum of (10 ) days Emergency or Educational Leave days can be filed in a month.
  • Only a maximum of (3) days compassionate leave can be filed in case of death of an immediate family member. Copy of Death certificate must be provided within (5) days of filing.
Online Filing of Leave Guidelines
  • Emergency leave needs to be filed at least 24 hours before duty.
  • Sick leave to be filed at least 3 hours before the duty and the medical certificate/report should be provided within 2 days of the last day of leave.
  • Female intern’s maternity leave to be filed within the time frame of her duty and the medical certificate/report should be provided within 2 days from the last day of leave.
  • Educational leave to be filed at least 24 hours before duty and the Certificate of Attendance should be provided within 2 days from the last day of leave.
  • All leave including those in outside rotation must be filed after accomplishing the Leave Request Form Online and be approved to be considered official.
  • Early leave (permit to leave premises during working hours) needs to be filed at least 24 hours before duty. Interns with only half session (3 hours duty) in a day cannot file for an early leave request. Interns are only allowed to accumulate a maximum of 18 hours in the entire training period with a maximum of (3) hours per applied leave.
C. Symposia and Scientific Meetings
  • Each intern may apply to attend a national symposium once or twice during the internship training period. The time spent in such symposium need not be replaced at the end of the program, provided that the candidate can present a certificate of attendance.
  • All applications must be filed officially following the approval process set forth in the request form.
  • A maximum of one week may be given to those who may wish to attend an international meeting while the local meetings will be based on the number of days applied.
  • Candidate who shows the interest in presenting an accepted scientific paper will have the privilege to attend more than two meetings.
D. Other Vital Components
  • Attendance
    Punctuality in all clinics laboratory is mandatory and the daily attendance will be monitored closely. Interns should abide the official working hours in addition to the rules and regulations required by each training institution they are attending.
  • Clinic Attire
    Interns are requested to take the recommendation regarding the prescribed clinical dress at working hours seriously in each training institution. Interns are obliged to use the proper identification badge. Blue jeans and casual dress are not allowed in clinical premises.
  • Professional Ethics
    Interns are expected to maintain respect and confidence of patients through sincere and honest relationship.

    Duty to the Patient

    Clinical laboratory professionals are accountable for the quality and integrity of the laboratory services they provide. This obligation includes maintaining individual competence in judgment and performance and striving to safeguard the patient from incompetent or illegal practice by others.

    Clinical laboratory professionals maintain high standards of practice. They exercise sound judgment in establishing, performing and evaluating laboratory testing.

    Clinical laboratory professionals maintain strict confidentiality of patient information and test results. They safeguard the dignity and privacy of patients and provide accurate information to other health care professionals about the services they provide.

    Duty to Colleagues and the Profession

    Clinical laboratory professionals uphold and maintain the dignity and respect of our profession and strive to maintain a reputation of honesty, integrity and reliability. They contribute to the advancement of the profession by improving the body of knowledge, adopting scientific advances that benefit the patient, maintaining high standards of practice and education, and seeking fair socioeconomic working conditions for members of the profession.

    Clinical laboratory professionals actively strive to establish cooperative and respectful working relationships with other health care professionals with the primary objective of ensuring a high standard of care for the patients they serve.

    Duty to Society

    As practitioners of an autonomous profession, clinical laboratory professionals have the responsibility to contribute from their sphere of professional competence to the general well being of the community.

    Clinical laboratory professionals comply with relevant laws and regulations pertaining to the practice of clinical laboratory science and actively seek, within the dictates of their consciences, to change those which do not meet the high standards of care and practice to which the profession is committed.
  • Discipline
    In case of unapproved absence, negligence, misconduct, incompetence, insubordination or any other act that the interns’ superior deem unacceptable, an Intern shall be dully reported to the Interns’ Training Program Committee for disciplinary action. Depending on the seriousness of the offense and upon the recommendation of the Interns’ Training Committee, a disciplinary action may be one of the following:
    • Probation, verbal and written warnings.
    • Repeating a rotation.
    • Suspension of the Intern for some time as directed by ITPC.
  • Evaluation
    In order to monitor the interns’ performance, it becomes very essential that some forms of quantification and possible evaluation of the work carried out by the interns should be documented. Each procedure performed by the intern is recorded and will be compiled in a weekly report. While in other institutions, training supervisors send their evaluation of the intern’s performance at the end of each rotation (Appendix I). By the end of the program, the intern’s performance should be evaluated and assessed by the Interns’ Training Program Committee. The data for evaluation will be compiled from the summary of procedures recorded, and the decision of whether the intern has fulfilled his requirements or requires an extension of the program will be recommended.
  • Graduation
    At the end of the one-year internship program, interns will be awarded certificate of completion of the internship, provided that they have fulfilled all the requirements of the program.
Administration of the Program

Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee (QAGITPC)

During the entire period of the internship, all interns are under the administration of the Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee. Members of the committee hold regular meetings to discuss the progress of the program and other issues pertaining to the Interns. The Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee is appointed by the Rector as follows:
  • Chairman
  • Internship Training Program Coordinators
  • Intern Clinic Directors
  • Intern Research Director
  • Intern Research Assistant Director
  • Intern Community Director
  • Intern Seminar Director
  • Continuing Education and Post-Internship Preparation Director
  • Intern Outside Rotation Director
  • Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office Director
  • Chief Auxiliary Services
Interns

Interns shall work on a full time basis during the entire period of their Internship program. They shall execute all dental procedures defined in the curriculum and perform other duties related to their training that may be assigned by the Directors. Interns are expected to observe all rules and regulations specified in this manual.

Faculty

The faculty has a big role in the successful administration of the program by providing support thru supervision in the clinics as well as in the research projects.
  • Role of the Faculty Research Supervisor
    • Assist the interns in selecting research topics.
    • Assists the intern in all their preparations for their research.
    • Checks adequacy of the literature review.
    • Supervises the intern in all stages of the research projects including data collection, analysis and writing of the paper to ensure that the research paper is completed and submitted at least two weeks prior to the scheduled presentation date.
    • Provides moral support to the intern during his/her presentation by being physically present and by providing assistance in clarifying questions or issues which may be raised during the open forum.
    • Updates the QAGITPC Intern Research Director or the Intern Research Assistant Director with the progress of the intern research project.
    • Accomplishes the evaluation form promptly at the end of the intern's presentation.
Responsibilities of Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee (QAGITPC)
  • Role of Intern Training Program Committee Chairman
    • Monitors the overall process of the training program and prepares the needed internal communications.
    • Is responsible for calling meetings to discuss significant developments and other relevant activities.
  • Role of Internship Training Program Coordinators
    • Supervise the implementation of the internship training program.
    • Responsible for reporting achievements and difficulties met in the program and make the necessary follow up thru proper monitoring.
    • Responsible for gathering all the data pertaining to intern’s attendance, attitude, performance, productivity reports and evaluation within and outside the Institutions.
    • Act as a liaison among the faculty members, supervisors and the rest of the members of the Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee.
  • Role of Intern Research Director
    • Directs the overall activities related to the Intern Research Projects.
    • Responsible for the orientation of interns regarding the official format and guidelines to be followed in research projects.
    • Responsible for overseeing interns research presentations.
    • Responsible for evaluating the Interns Research Project Presentations.
    • Responsible for motivating the interns to submit their research projects for future publications.
    • Responsible for monitoring the intern and research supervisors’ progress in the research preparation.
    • Responsible for submitting a bi-monthly progress report of the research activities to the Interns Quality Assurance Office thru the Research Centre Office.
  • Role of Intern Community Director
    • Responsible for the Orientation of Interns regarding their Community Projects.
    • Responsible for acquainting the interns with the overall guidelines in community projects preparation.
    • Responsible for all Interns Community Projects Preparation.
    • Responsible for Guiding Interns in accomplishing Official Reports of their Community Projects.
    • Responsible for submitting summary reports of all community projects to the Interns Quality Assurance Office.
  • Role of Intern Seminar Director
    • Responsible for organizing the Advance Education Seminars including the Treatment Planning Sessions.
    • Responsible for guiding the interns regarding the topics selection.
    • Responsible for inviting the supervisors in charge of guiding the interns in their seminars.
    • Responsible for assigning facilitators and panel of interns who will provide questions to the presenters for each session.
    • Responsible for reviewing the CD of the presentation prior to the actual date and advising the interns to provide hard copies to the attendees to promote active participation.
    • Responsible for the Scheduling Arrangements of Interns thru the assistance of the Chief Auxiliary Staff.
    • Responsible for attending these seminars and instill discipline in the attendance and behavior of interns in didactic activities.
    • Responsible for providing weekly and monthly report regarding the details of each presentation (topic and date) and the interns evaluation for submission to the Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office thru the assistance of the Chief Auxiliary Staff.
    • Responsible for providing weekly and monthly report of attendance and behavior of Interns in Didactic Activities to the Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office thru the assistance of the Chief Auxiliary Staff.
  • Role of Continuing Education and Post-Internship Preparation Director
    • Responsible for running activities preparation to Saudi Health Board Exam and American National Board Examinations.
    • Responsible for organizing conferences and symposium activities.
  • Role of Intern Outside Rotation Director
    • Responsible for the overall coordination with the outside training institutions regarding intern’s performance, attendance, evaluation and other concerns.
    • Responsible for visiting the interns in their respective outside training institutions to monitor their activities and progress.
    • Responsible for submitting Monthly Progress report of all interns in outside rotation.
    • Responsible for the Preparation of the Interns Annual Rotation Summary Report and its regular updating.
    • Responsible for the up to date submission of Evaluation Reports of interns on outside rotation.
    • Responsible for coordinating with the Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office regarding the necessary documents needed by the interns in other training institutions.
  • Role of Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Coordinator
    • Responsible for the Quality Assurance of the Internship Programs.
    • Responsible for receiving all the reports from the different members of the QAGITPC and organizing them in an acceptable format matching the standard of National Commission for Academic Assessment and Accreditation (NCAAA) to be presented to the Chairman of QAGITPC for the necessary actions to be undertaken and to be implemented thru Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office.
    • Responsible for preparing the agenda of the bi-monthly meeting of the QAGITPC after counseling from its Chairman.
    • Responsible for monitoring reports and answering the e-mails from intern@riyadh.edu.sa mails after direct consultation with the Chairman of the QAGITPC.
    • Responsible for coordinating with the Chief Auxiliary Services at each campus to organize the initial draft of the yearly interns training clinical schedule for all the six (6) ROTAs and get final approval from the Chairman of the QAGITPC prior to its release.
    • Responsible for coordinating the reports and the items which must be discussed each rota and to inform the Chairman of QAGITPC for any deviation from the original intern plan.
    • Responsible for the software management of intern training program which is now under development.
Site of Internship and Duration

Chosen Hospital (Medical Laboratory Departments)
  • Departments participating in the internship

    A number of departments will participate in the rotations; any addition to them will be at the discretion of the department.

    These departments include:
    • Clinical biochemistry
    • Hematology and blood bank
    • Microbiology
    • Toxicology
    • Molecular biology
    • Immunology
    • Phlebotomy
    • Food and Drug Analysis Laboratory
  • Evaluation

    Interns will be evaluated by the department at the end of each rotation.

    Additionally, the interns' research project and advanced education seminar presentation will also be evaluated.
  • Goals, Objectives & Brief Descriptions
    • General Laboratory Management
      • Module Description

        Supervised clinical practicum in which the student is exposed to basic, advanced and specialized techniques in the area of clinical chemistry, molecular biological methods and blood gas analysis. Clinical practice focused on basic, special test methods, instrumentation used in quantifying metabolites and analyses are discussed in the course. Quality controls, correlations of test data to disease status are presented while biological and chemical safety is practiced. Students will be assigned to clinical laboratory affiliations.
      • General Module Objectives
        • Perform procedures, task and skills accurately.
        • Use analytical and clinical decision-making skills to evaluate health status
        • Maintain effective quality assurance and quality control.
        • Assess the economic implications of new techniques, equipment and procedures.
        • Use research strategies to evaluate and implement procedures and proper protocol
        • Demonstrate effective communications skills.
        • Adhere to professional, ethical and legal standards.
        • Participate in improvement of health care, scholarship in clinical practice and lifelong learning.
      • Quality Assurance in the Laboratory

        Introduction of the following concepts:
        • Good Laboratory Practice
        • Good Research Practice
        • International Standards Organization (ISO)
        • Hospital Management
      • Safety in the Laboratory

        Coverage of the various aspects such as:
        • Introduction to Laboratory Safety
        • Chemical Safety
        • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
        • Biological Safety
        • Performing Risk Assessments
        • Nuclear Safety
      • Laboratory Management

        The overview of specimen handling and processing including basic laboratory supplies, blood and other specimen collection and other guidelines and specimen handling considerations.

        Introduction of the usage of laboratory management software regarding:
        • Stock Control
        • Specimen Databases
        • Staff Management
        • Managing Workloads
        • Automated Reports
      • Inter-laboratory Proficiency Testing

        Discussion of the Principles of Inter-laboratory proficiency testing.
      • Phlebotomy

        It will provide a comprehensive classroom and clinical education in Phlebotomy. Interns will acquire safe techniques and skills in blood collection. Interns will be expected to demonstrate the ability to obtain patient’s blood specimens by venipuncture and micro-collection techniques.
    • Clinical Chemistry
      • Module description

        This module will provide a broad working knowledge of the basic concepts in clinical chemistry. The candidate will need to have at least two years experience in a clinical chemistry laboratory before attempting this module.

        Competence in the chosen profession and successful completion on of this module will help the trainee in the principles, limitations of pharmacokinetics, purpose of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) along with the techniques used during measurement.
      • General Module Objectives

        This module should enable the student to:
        • Interpret physician's orders for:
          • Biochemical diagnostic assays
          • Endocrine function tests/therapy
        • Identify biochemical diagnostic agents or tests useful in:
          • Diagnosis
          • Monitoring response to therapy
        • Define, interpret, or apply biochemical terminology as it relates to:
          • Disease state
          • Metabolic functions (or organs)
          • Endocrine function
        • Interpret the clinical significance of biochemical lab test results
        • Identify and remedy interactions of drugs with lab tests
        • Identify, evaluate, and recommend home diagnostic procedures/devices
    • Automated Chemistry Analyzers

      To give an overview of the latest developments in laboratory instrumentation and technological advances affecting the running of a laboratory that deals with:
      • Laboratory Automation
      • Robotic Machines
      • Laboratory Information Management Systems
      • Review of the latest technologies and instruments pertinent to Biomedicine
      • Invited Company Representatives
    • Routine and Special Chemistry Tests
      • Content
      • Critical Care Analytes

        On completion of this module the candidate would be expected to have a complete and thorough knowledge of the following:
        • Electrolytes and Blood Gases
          • The importance of serum osmolality as an indicator of water balance
          • Recognize the importance of water balance and the kidney
          • Have a detailed knowledge of electrolytes and in particular sodium
          • Understand the causes of hypernatremia and hyponatremia and their relationship to chloride and potassium
          • Understand the significance of euvolaemia, hypovolaemia, hypervolaemia.
          • Understand the importance of the residual anion concentration
          • Know the significance of the anion gap to electrolytes and to blood gases
          • Understand the function and importance of potassium ions and their effect on acidosis and alkalosis.
          • Know the methods and their principles, in determining electrolytes and blood gases
          • Have a detailed knowledge of blood gases, and the ability to interpret the results.
          • Understand the value of chemical buffers
          • Understand the importance of obtaining a blood specimen that has been collected properly and sent to the laboratory promptly
          • Identify mechanisms that the kidney uses to maintain homeostasis
          • Understand the significant homeostatic role carried out by electrolytes and the water, and their relationship with blood gases
        • Markers of Cardiac Function and Injury
          • Know the criteria for the diagnosis of a myocardial infarction
          • Have a detailed knowledge of the pit-falls that may affect the various analytical methods be able to compare the value CK-MB mass assays to Troponin T or I understand the value of Myoglobulin to be able to identify reperfusion and re-infarction identify the active binding sites on the Troponin complex
          • Able to carry out appropriate tests to assist in the diagnosis of a myocardial infarction
        • Carbohydrates and Diabetes
          • Know the role of the following hormones in glucose metabolism: insulin, glucagon, epinephrine, thyroxine, ACTH, cortisol, and growth hormone
          • Understand the metabolism of carbohydrates in humans
          • Identify diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2, and gestational diabetes mellitus
          • Know the value of testing and monitoring for hypo or hyperglycaemia
          • Know the use of haemoglobin A1c and its measurement
          • Recognize the role of self monitoring for glucose
          • Understand the value of glucose tolerance testing in diabetic diagnosis
          • Know the complications that diabetics suffer from
          • Be able to evaluate of the levels of ketoacidosis and micro-albuminuria
          • Know the role of potassium when monitoring treatment
          • Understand the importance of maintaining blood glucose levels within normal limits and know the corresponding consequences if they are not within the acceptable limit.
      • Routine Analytes

        Lipids and lipoproteins
        • Know the general chemical structure and biological functions of lipids
        • Understand the significance of the following: fatty acids, triglycerides, phospholipids, cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol
        • Identify the important role that the liver plays
        • Identify the two lipid pathways and their functions
        • Understand the causes that lead to atherosclerosis
        • Identify individuals at risk for atherosclerosis
        • Have a sound knowledge of diseases that result from deficiencies in lipid metabolism
        • Have the analytical ability to be able to test for the various lipids and to understand the principles underpinning these
        • Recognize the importance of identifying an abnormal lipid result, and if abnormal, treating and monitoring these levels
      • Metabolic Analytes
        • Recognize the value of measuring both urea and creatinine
        • Note sources of error, particularly, when measuring creatinine
        • Recognize the many functions that the kidney performs
        • Carry out creatinine clearance testing as well as concentration and dilution tests
        • Understand the metabolic pathways leading to the elimination of uric acid.
        • Know the causes and treatment of gout
        • A sound knowledge of various uric acid methods is essential as interfering substances, in some methods, can significantly affect the results
        • Understand the importance of the kidney in removing waste products, and to recognize the endocrine of the kidney. To know the pitfalls in laboratory testing, in particular for creatinine and uric acid
        Bone Metabolism and Calcium
        • Understand the hormones that control calcium absorption
        • Identify the homeostatic functions of calcium
        • Know the various analytical test methods for calcium, phosphate, and magnesium
        • Understand the complexities of measuring calcium
        • Understand why albumin is also measured
        • Know the value of measuring ionized calcium as compared to total calcium
        • Be aware of the errors in these tests and also recognize and identify the diagnostic value when measuring calcium, magnesium and phosphates
        • Be able to interpret these results for the clinician
        • Know that calcium and magnesium are difficult tests to carry out and the accuracy is often poor. Yet recognize that these are some of the most important tests in a number of critical conditions.
        Proteins
        • Understand the structure and function of proteins
        • Measurement of total protein and albumin
        • Know the diagnostic value of measuring proteins
        • Describe methods for measuring specific proteins and understand the diagnostic value of this. Examples are α1-antitrypsin, α1-fetoprotein, α1-acid glycoprotein, α1-acid glycoprotein, α1- macroglobulin, haptoglobin, ceruloplasmin, transferrin, β2-micrglobulin, fibrinogen, C-reactive protein, C3 component, and immunoglobulins
        • Identify protein bands on an electrophoresis strip
        • Understand the principles of protein electrophoresis
        • Able to identify proteins from an electrophoresis strip and recognize the clinical significance of these.
        Liver Function and Enzyme Testing
        • Understand the difference between mass and activity enzyme reactions.
        • Identify abnormal liver function using a variety of enzyme tests.
        • Understand the value of measuring bilirubin. Identify the value of measuring both conjugated and unconjugated bilirubin.
        • Understand the molecular structure of bilirubin and identify the value of blue light in a jaundiced neonate.
        • Know the main causes of incorrect bilirubin testing.
        • Understand the pit-falls of the various methods in use.
        • Know what delta bilirubin is and understand the diagnostic significance of this.
        • Many liver function tests rely on enzymatic tests.
        • Know the principles of these and the pit-falls that can happen.
        • Know what zero order and first order kinetics are in a enzymatic reaction.
        • Understand the terminology of enzyme assays.
        • Know the causes of error in enzyme reactions and how to rectify them.
        • Identify linear phase and lag phase of the reaction.
        • Be able to synthesis the results together to indicate a diagnosis.
        • Recognize that most enzyme reactions are measured at 340nm and know the reasons for this.
        • Understand the reasons why pH, temperature, substrate, enzyme concentration, are so important in these reactions that have to be tightly controlled.
        • Recognize the importance of storage, transport and handling of specimens prior to their assay.
        • Able to carry out enzyme tests with accuracy and to recognize situations where substrate depletion is occurring. To be able to identify cytoplasmic and mitochondrial enzymes and know the diagnostic value of these.
    • Therapeutic Drug Monitoring

      Therapeutic drug monitoring is the measurement of the serum level of a drug and the coordination of this serum level with a serum therapeutic range. The serum therapeutic range is the concentration range where the drug has been shown to be efficacious without causing toxic effects in most people. Recommended therapeutic ranges can generally be found in the product inserts for drugs that require monitoring. They are also available in books such as the Physicians’ Desk Reference, and articles in the primary medical journals.

      Upon completion of this section the students will be able to:
      • Define therapeutic drug monitoring and outline circumstances where it is useful.
      • Discuss the role of sample timing in obtaining accurate therapeutic drug monitoring results.
      • List the drugs commonly seen in the office practice setting which require therapeutic monitoring, and discuss important aspects of their pharmacology as it relates to therapeutic drug monitoring.
      • Discuss urine drug screening in the office practice environment.
      • Recognize some factors which may affect the accuracy of urine drug screen results.
      • Outline some factors which are useful in evaluating a reference laboratory for drug screening.
    • Laboratory Calculations

      Basic laboratory calculations units of measure and conversions; simple and serial dilutions; general considerations for performing calculations. Pipetting Techniques and Volumetric Measurements.

      Overview of different types of pipettes and proper technique of using each reagent Preparation. Overview of chemicals and reagents Preparation, grades, purity, nomenclature, applications for use Solutions (percent, normality and molarities) and concentrations calculations.
    • Urine and Other Fluids Chemistries

      This section deals with the urine chemistries and those body fluid chemistries that require manual manipulation or testing.

      Upon completion of this unit, the Intern will be able to:
      • Prepare 24 hour urine containers, and explain collection procedures to patients with minimal supervision.
      • Calculate 24 hour urine results of:
        • Protein
        • Creatinine
        • Creatinine clearance
        • Electrolytes
        • Calcium
        • Phosphorus
        • Urea
      • Calculate a 2-hour urine amylase results.
      • Discuss procedures to evaluate other body fluids (CSF, pleural, amniotic, etc.).
      • Perform urine and serum pregnancy tests.
      • Correlate patient results with clinical significance.
      • Report results according to laboratory protocol.
      • Record patient results and quality control according to departmental
    • Hematology and Blood Bank Transfusion Medicine
      • Module Description

        This module requires demonstration of extensive knowledge and understanding of the cellular investigations performed in the routine hematology laboratory. It also requires a reasonable knowledge of normal and abnormal cell physiology, clinical aspects relevant to routine hematological testing and other technical procedures related to cellular hematology.
      • General Module Objectives

        Understanding the following:
        • Automated cell counting and detailed knowledge of the major instruments used. Detailed knowledge of recent developments and innovations including understanding of the technical and clinical role as well as value of specific technologies.
        • Staining machines, slide makers, ESR analysers etc. Staining and microscopy staining techniques in routine use, e.g. Romanowsky, supra-vital and cytochemical staining.
        • Components and use of the microscope, morphology of all normal and abnormal haemopoietic cells found in blood, bone marrow and body fluids.
        • Manually performed tests ESR, reticulocytes, Heinz bodies, rapid screening tests for IM, malaria etc. manual cell counting and associated techniques Investigation of blood borne parasites.
        • Microscopic techniques and rapid screening tests
        • Strategies and standards applied to reporting of laboratory results
        • Units and reference ranges
        • Specimen collection
        • Handling anticoagulants with regards to specimen stability, storage, tansport and other special requirements
      • Routine Hematology Tests
        • Specimen requirements, reference ranges, significance of the Complete Blood Count (CBC), differential, reticulocyte count, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)
        • Pre-analytical errors, quality control
        • Correlation of normal and abnormal RBC indices
      • Overview of Hematopoiesis
        • Major site of hematopoiesis, review of stem cell theory, growth factors
        • Review of maturation states, differentiation of cells in peripheral blood
        • Lifespan, appearance and function of mature blood cells,
        • Building blocks of hemoglobin
      • Erythrocyte Disorders
        • Anemias including causes and clinical findings, contrast true and pseudo anemia
        • Findings indicative of bone marrow erythropoiesis
        • Morphologic and pathophysiologic classifications of anemia
        • Evaluation of selected anemias including cause, significant abnormalities and diagnostic test results
        • Polycythemia and pseudo anemia, characteristics of normal newborn blood smear
      • Leukocyte Disorders
        • Laboratory tests aiding in the investigation of WBC disorders
        • Differentiation between reactive and malignant leukocyte disorders including cause, clinical findings, significant abnormalities and laboratory results
        • Etiology of malignant leukocytes disorders
        • Leukemias, lymphomas including predominant cell type, origin, clinical symptoms, laboratory findings
      • Overview of Hemostasis, Tests and Disorders
        • Activation of all major haemostatic components following injury
        • Role of vascular system and platelets in homeostasis
        • Role of regulatory system in maintaining haemostatic balance
        • Screening tests performed to detect defects of primary and secondary homeostasis
        • Specimen requirements
        • Selected hereditary and acquired disorders
        • Mode of action, clinical use and laboratory tests used to monitor anti-coagulant therapy
      • Pre-transfusion testing

        The Intern will learn and perform the various tests involved in compatibility testing. They will learn follow-up procedures used when blood is incompatible. Upon completion of this unit, the Intern will be able to:
        • Evaluate specimens submitted for pre-transfusion testing with respect
        • To define labeling criteria, age of specimen, and appearance of specimen.
        • Accurately perform and interpret all serologic testing procedures required
        • To provide compatible blood for transfusion, including:
          • ABO and Rh typing of patient.
          • Antibody screening
          • Antibody identification
          • Selection of appropriate donor units for compatibility testing
          • Cross-match testing.
          • Recognize test reactions characteristic of the following situations and Suggest or perform correct follow-up
          • ABO cell-serum grouping discrepancies.
          • Cole reactive auto and/or alloantibody
          • Single/multiple blood group all antibodies
          • Warm autoantibody
          • Identify when weak D testing must be performed as part of Rh typing
            (i.e. donor units, transfusion recipients, prenatal patients, neonates).
    • Microbiology
      • Module Description

        This Module covers the basics of Medical Microbiology, in particular bacteriology and antimicrobial therapy. The aim of this module is to cover a broad range of topics relevant to individuals employed in medical microbiology laboratories. It is designed to develop a detailed understanding of pathogens commonly encountered in general medicine and to ensure an understanding of the causes, diagnosis and treatment of potential exotic diseases that occasionally emerge.

        The Module will provide a solid foundation on biological science. An undergraduate knowledge of microbiology and/or employment in a medical microbiology laboratory would be beneficial.

        This Module will provide knowledge on medical microbiology with strong emphasis on bacteriology and antimicrobial therapy. The techniques used in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of infection are covered and basic understanding of other topics such as parasitology, virology and mycology is included.
      • General Module Objectives

        This course will enable the Intern to learn about:
        • Microorganisms in health, food, agriculture, and the environment
        • Microbial growth on solid media and in liquids
        • Measurement of microbial growth
        • Isolation and characterization of microbes
        • Structure and function of bacteria, fungi, viruses and protozoa
      • Bacteriology

        This course will enable the Intern acquire knowledge in:
        • Safety and quality control in microbiology
        • Host-microorganism interactions, including pathogenic mechanisms of microorganisms
        • Specimen collection, transport, receipt and processing
        • Direct microscopic examination including Gram stain principle, procedure, interpretation/ reporting and troubleshooting, acid-fast stains, fluorochrome stains and wet preps
        • Specimen preparation for culture set-ups and selection, inoculation and incubation of culture media
        • Interpretation of cultures and overview of bacterial identification, including macroscopic and microscopic characteristics; environmental and nutritional requirements of bacteria
        • Principles of identification schemes, including commercial systems
      • Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing

        This is an introduction to the:
        • Definitions, mechanisms of action and mechanisms of resistance
        • The testing goals, standardization and quality control of antimicrobial susceptibility
        • Testing methods that directly detect antimicrobial activity, including disk diffusion (Kirby-Bauer), E test, minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC), agar dilution, and screening/supplemental test methods, e.g. MRSA and VRE screens, D-zone test, ESBL
        • Testing methods that directly detect specific resistance mechanisms, e.g. beta-lactamase
        • Cumulative antibiograms and predictable susceptibility patterns
        • Common antimicrobial agents and their mode of action, family name, route of administration, common product name, spectrum of activity and indications for use
      • Parasitology

        Taking medically important parasitic diseases into consideration the intern will be able to:
        • Know the etiology, pathology and pathogenesis of common parasitic infections and critically evaluate diagnostic methods used in common parasitic diseases in Sri Lanka.
        • Describe the epidemiology of parasitic infections in Sri Lanka and other globally parasitic infections
        • Understand the principles of disease transmission, including source, mode of transmission, portal of entry and virulence of pathogens
        • Understand the principles underlying the laboratory diagnosis
        • Explain the principles of prevention and control
      • Virology

        This Module will provide a broad knowledge of virology. It includes the clinical presentation, differential diagnosis, direct antigen detection and identification of the cause of infection of the infected individual. The natural history of infection, the appropriate collection, transport and storage of samples are covered. Techniques such as tissue culture, serology and molecular biology as they are applied to a medical virology laboratory are included. A basic understanding of laboratory management and safety is required.
      • Mycology

        Upon successful completion of this module you will be able to:
        • Understand the clinical importance of fungi
        • Detect and interpret fungi indirect smears such as Gram stain, KOH and Calcofluor White from clinical specimens
        • Differentiate septate hyphae, aseptate hyphae, pseudohyphae and dematiaceous fungi based on structures observed under the microscope
    • Special Techniques
    • Module Description

      To give an overview of the latest developments in laboratory instrumentation and technological advances affecting the running of a laboratory including PCR techniques, analytical toxicology and inborn metabolic screening tests.
      • General Module Objectives

        To acquire knowledge on:
        • The basic metabolic pathways;
          • inborn errors of metabolism and the application of DNA technology to their study;
          • the control and integration of metabolism.
        • Tissue processing and sectioning; Immunohistochemistry; Polymerase chain reaction; In-situ hybridisation; Image analysis; Flow cytometry; ELISA and related methods; Hybridoma technology; Electron microscopy; Laboratory animals.
        • Basics of analytical toxicology
      • Inborn metabolic errors

        The aims of the course are to provide you with an understanding of: (1) the basic metabolic pathways; (2) inborn errors of metabolism and the application of DNA technology to their study; (3) the control and integration of metabolism.

        By the end of this module the Intern will be able to:
        • Describe the principles of metabolism;
        • Discuss the role of coenzymes, such as NAD+, NADP+, ATP, in metabolism;
        • Outline the metabolic pathways involved in the catabolism of glucose and fatty acids;
        • Show how the energy released by catabolism is recouped by substrate level and oxidative phosphorylation;
        • Show how amino acid and carbohydrate metabolism are inter-linked;
        • Describe the various types of genetic mutation and inborn errors of metabolism
        • Describe the methods for screening and detecting inborn errors of metabolism
        • Describe the genetic treatments for inborn errors of metabolism
        • Discuss the mechanisms by which metabolic pathways can be regulated;
        • Outline the hormonal regulation of metabolism and discuss the role of protein phosphorylation in this context;
        • Describe the regulation of metabolism in physiological and pathological situations (e.g., exercise, starvation and diabetes);
        • Demonstrate acquired skills in basic biochemical laboratory methods
        • Demonstrate an ability to handle simple mathematical treatments of biological Processes
      • Analytical toxicology & Instrumentations

        The aim of this module is to introduce interns to the major chromatographic and spectroscopic techniques used in analytical toxicology, the instrumentation used including scientific principles underlying, and usage in sample analysis.

        At the end of the module, interns will be able to:
        • Describe the chromatographic and spectroscopic instrumentation used and explain how it operates to enable analysis
        • Explain the scientific principles underlying each chromatographic and spectroscopic techniques
        • Compare and contrast the various techniques giving advantages and disadvantages of each
        • Decide which technique(s) would be most appropriate for the analysis of a given sample and explain the reasons for your decision
        • Give examples of the uses for each technique in analytical science, with particular emphasis on analytical toxicology.
      • Sterilization

        The module describes the sterilization process, including preparation, sterilization, various methods with examples of instruments and/or devices appropriate to the particular method. It will pertain to sterilization process monitoring, and documentation.

        After completing this module, the intern will be able to accomplish the following:
        • Discuss each of the five steps of the sterilization process.
        • Describe the sterilization methods presented in this module.
        • List the types of sterilization-monitoring devices used for healthcare sterilization processes as presented in this module.
        • Discuss monitoring methods and frequency of use for the sterilization methods presented in this module.
        • Describe environmental considerations with regard to sterilization method choices
      • PCR and DNA Diagnosis

        The Polymerase Chain Reaction is an important tool for biologists, forensic scientists, and biochemists for the selective replication of DNA, this tool that the interns will need to learn as a foundation for future applications. Provides a closure on the foundation upon which the next lesson will be based as well as a nice transition into the lesson which is on PCR, one of the applications that utilizes the known characteristics of DNA.

        After completing this module, the intern will acquire knowledge on:
        • Quantitative
        • DNA Replication
        • DNA Chemistry
        • Genetic Diversity
        • Technology
        • Gel Electrophoresis
        • PCR
        • How will it link to the community/real world?
        • Diagnosis
        • Forensics
        • DNA identification
Didactic Part of the Intership Program

A. Research Project Preparation and Presentation

Each intern is requested to work in a group with other colleagues in preparing and presenting a scientific research project. The research topic is usually selected by the intern and carried out under the supervision of a faculty supervisor. Selection of the topic is usually done at the beginning of the internship. This is mainly to give him/her the chance in picking up the right topic and to find the interested faculty supervisor who may offer his/her help and guidance in the completion of the project during the internship training program.
  • Objectives
    • Ability to identify research topic and write a related Research Proposal.
    • Ability to carry out the research
    • Ability to write the outcome of the research using the IMRAD format
    Rules and Guidelines for Interns’ Research Manuscript

    The research report should be submitted to the ITPC Chairman at least two weeks before the scheduled day of presentation. The manuscript should be prepared in English language in a type written format. The manuscript should include the title, author(s), and their affiliations, abstract, body of the main work acknowledgement and references. The title must be concise, informative and representative of the study. A summary or an abstract written in Arabic and English languages must appear in the first page. It should state the purpose of the study, basic procedures, main findings and the principal conclusions.

    The introduction states clearly the value and scientific merit of the research with relevant literature review for which the study is based. It should cover the related articles from the different published peer-reviewed journals that could be obtained from any available database. At the end of the section, a precise statement for which the research is aimed to is to be addressed in order to draw the connected relation between the conclusions and objectives.

    The section of materials and methods should briefly describe the subjects utilized in the study and the methodology employed in the selection and analysis. The main results should always come next to materials and methods and include the findings of the study presented in text and numerical format with the appropriate statistical references. Simplified tables and/or figures and relative illustrations are to be attached but with no repetition. All figures, tables and illustrations are to be identified clearly with brief and conclusive captions. There should be a useful detailed discussion of the significance of the result in other observations related to the study. Methods by which subjects were assessed and the success of experiments should be judge. In the section of conclusion, only those findings supported by data are presented. This is followed by a short statement on the recommendation for further study if this is applicable. All references which have been cited or referred to in the study should be listed in the section of references or bibliography. The Research Center of RCsDP has specified the format for writing a Manuscript. By the end of manuscript, the author(s) is/are expected to acknowledge all persons who may have generously offered their scientific or technical assistance during the course and preparation of the research.

    Other Rules and Guidelines
    • An interns or trainees project will not be considered as requirement if he or she has shown any of the following as reported by his or her supervisor and affirmed by the project director:
      • Minimal Involvement
      • Lack of Cooperation
      • Misdemeanor
      • Punctuality Issues
    • The intern / trainee showing any of the above except item no. 4 will be required to have or join another project.
    • Any intern / trainee who failed to show up or arrived late in a research presentation will be allowed to be scheduled for presentation of the same project as long as he/she is reported officially by his/her supervisor to have a maximum involvement in the research project.
B. Advanced Education Seminar

These include selected presentations given by interns, faculty members of the Colleges or invited speakers covering new advances in a wide range of dental topics.
  • Objectives
    • To expose the interns to current concepts in dentistry in order to upgrade their skills and widened their knowledge on certain topics
    • To improve their verbal communication skills and enhance their mastery in the usage of audio visual aids through formal lectures and seminar presentations.
  • Rules and Guidelines
    • The list of the topics will be made available to the interns by the beginning of each rotation.
    • The interns’ presentation of an advanced topic will be evaluated as a requirement in the internship training program.
    • Any cancellation of scheduled presentation can only be approved based on the following guidelines:
      • If another intern is willing to interchange his/her schedule with another intern
      • Due to any justifiable or valid reason
    • All unapproved cancellation will subject the intern to disciplinary measure
C. Journal Club Activity

Each intern/trainee will be grouped according to an assigned journal. Each assigned journal will comprise of minimum of (3) members wherein the group leader will be nominated at the beginning of the rota.

Objectives
  • To give chance for the intern at RCDP to be updated and exposed to the current dental literature in a selected non-specialty journal.
  • To select journals at international level.
  • To gain knowledge from the different publications of dental journals.
Responsibilities of the Journal Club Group Leader
  • To coordinate the activity every week with all the members.
  • To distribute the job and give assignments to meet the goals and commitments of the group.
  • Responsible to send the power point presentation of the chosen article and PDF copy of the said article by email to intern@riyadh.edu.sa
  • Responsible in subscribing to the journal by arranging with the members with regards to the payment where all needs to contribute.
Responsibilities of the Journal Club Group Members
  • To cooperate with the group leader regarding their assignments.
  • To present together with the leader and other group members chosen articles by means of power point presentation.
  • To contribute to the subscription payment of the journal which will be under the name of the group leader.
Guidelines on Journal Preparation and Presentation
  • Open the website of the journal assigned to you.
  • The Group leader must assign his/her members to collect the following information:
    • Complete name of journal
    • Aims and Scope
    • Name of Publisher or Publishing Company
    • Name of Editorial Board
    • Author Background
    • Country where it is published (Origin of publication)
    • Date of first publication
    • Number of Journals published since they started
    • Advertising information (policy, orders including subscription price, inquiries and contact nos.)
    • ISBN or ISS no.
    • Frequency of Publication
  • The leader must subscribe to the journal assigned to his/her group and to arrange with his/her members with regards to the payment for the journal subscription.
  • The 1st presentation by the group leader by PowerPoint will only be the introduction of the assigned journal where the duration will be maximum of (10) minutes.
  • The succeeding presentation from the group members will cover the current issue of the journal Publication (case presentation, literature review, original research,letter for editor and others).
D. Community Session and Duration

Guidelines

  • Number of Projects

    The total requirements for Dentistry/Dental Hygiene , Nursing and Clinical Laboratory Sciences Interns will be as follows:
    • (1) Field Group Community Project
      Master video consisting of an introduction that can motivate the participants to listen and an outline of the presentation.
    • One video for every member (Author) with a duration of 1-2 minutes
      and
      (1) Video by Group with duration of 3-4 minutes (Topic to be provided by the Faculty Ambassador) or another (1) Field Group Community Project
  • Details on E-Videos
    • All videos recommended will be reviewed by the member of the community project committee regarding quality, craftsmanship and if they uphold the country’s culture and tradition. A mark of 75% and above will qualify a video for uploading in the YouTube linked to the College website.
  • Target Population - School Children from primary to intermediate level
    Other target participants will be subjected to the discretion of the King Salman Center for Children Health.
  • Target Site - Schools in Riyadh Region
    Other target sites will be subjected to the discretion of the King Salman Center for Children Health.
  • Target Date (1st Academic Year)
    • Selection and Planning
      Whole Month of September
    • Preparation
      Whole Month of October
    • Submission of Community Videos in CD Format
      For School Community Projects - (1) Week before the date of School Community Project
      For E-Video Community Projects - End of December
    • Implementation
      1st of November to end of December
    • Assessment and Evaluation
      1st Week of January
    Target Date (2nd Academic Year)
    • Selection and Planning
      Whole Month of February
    • Preparation
      Whole Month of March
    • Submission of Community Videos in CD Format
      For School Community Projects - (1) Week before the date of School Community Project
      For E-Video Community Projects - End of May
    • Implementation
      1st of April to end of May
    • Assessment and Evaluation
      1st Week of June
  • Assessment and Evaluation of Field Community Projects

    Official questionnaires will be used to gauge the knowledge of the population on certain topics before and after the community service.

    The total evaluation will be based on the result of the above survey (Impact), Concept and Organization, Professionalism, Creativity, Presentation, Documentation and Community Project Report.

 

Pharmacy Training Program

One of the Pharmacy program mission is to continuously provide its graduates with concrete learning and training in diversified pharmaceutical aspects. It is also the RCsDP aim to provide them with updated pharmaceutical trends to challenge modern pharmaceutical advances and responsibilities and to provide an outstanding quality medical care for the society.

Objectives

A. General Objective:

To graduate professional pharmacists that are able to provide outstanding pharmacy related medical care of the best quality for the society.

B. Specific Objectives:
  • To enhance their knowledge, skills and competency in the pharmacy practice.
  • To provide them an insight particularly in the major areas of pharmaceutical care.
  • To be involved in research projects that can motivate them to show their innovative ideas and develop their scientific writing abilities.
  • To awaken their interest in pursuing graduate studies and continuing medical education.
  • To excel in verbal communication and usage of visual aids by gaining skills in formal lectures and seminar presentations.
  • To maximize their views on latest programs in pharmaceutical care through community involvement.

.

Training Program Details

The Pharmacy Training Program is administered by the Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee and requires trainees to participate in different pharmaceutical rotations for a period of 6 months, which is divided into three Rota’s in two major aspects:
  • Hospital Training
  • Didactic Activities
A. Hospital Training (Four months)

The hospital training is four months in duration. The training will be spent at the Central pharmacy of a chosen hospital. The training will be monitored by the Internship  Program Coordinator for Pharmacy Trainees during their four months of hospital training to evaluate their training outcome and to establish continuous connection between the trainees and their institutions.

The Hospital training will consist majorly of five main sections, as follows:
  • Dispensing "inpatients & out-patient pharmacy"
  • Unit Dose Drug Distribution
  • Narcotics Management and Dispensing
  • IV / TPN Section
  • Material Management
Dispensing
  • In-Patient Pharmacy
  • Out-Patient Pharmacy
At the completion of this area of training, the trainee would have acquired knowledge in:
  • Reading prescriptions and understanding the abbreviations.
  • Arrangement of drug in the pharmacy.
  • Using appropriate methods to count the required quantities e.g. electronic counters.
  • Choosing the appropriate containers to pack prepared doses.
  • Finding the required medicine by following the arrangement in the pharmacy.
  • Filling the prescription and labeling it properly.
  • Receiving hospitalized patient's prescription orders.
  • Preparing and filling daily carts & individual orders
  • Properly recording drugs (inventory control).
  • Following procedures for ordering medication from store.
  • Maintaining quality control and checking for expiration dates of drugs.
Unit Dose Drug Distribution

At the completion of this area of training, the student would have acquired knowledge in:
  • Reviewing physician medication orders under direct supervision of senior pharmacist.
  • Inputting physician medication order into pharmacy computer system or patient profile record.
  • Filling and labeling of prescription orders, which should also be rechecked by a senior pharmacist.
  • Filling unit dose medication cassette according to computer report or patient profile.
  • Communication with pharmacists, nurses and other hospital staff for any enquires needed.
Narcotics and Drug Poison and Information Center

At the completion of this area of training, the student would have acquired knowledge in:

Narcotics:
  • Know narcotic classification
  • Know Ministry Of Health narcotic regulations
  • Register narcotic prescriptions
  • Dispense narcotics
  • Understand narcotic inventory control
  • Understand stock inspection
  • Check floor stock
  • Write narcotic annual or quarterly report
  • Maintain stock
  • Knowledge and discussion about the skill
Drug Poison & Information Center (DPIC):
  • Role and function of DPIC in serving hospitals and community needs.
  • How the DPIC procedure works.
  • Using and utilizing computerized facilities (Drugdex, Poisondex, Medline…etc.)
  • Receiving questioners and answering them.
Intravenous/Total Parenteral Nutrition Section (IV/TPN)

At the completion of this area of training, the student would have acquired knowledge in:
  • Receiving orders and calculation of drug concentration
  • Applying the IV/TPN room regulations (cleanness, clothes).
  • Preparing orders and labeling them.
  • Knowing and applying Laminar Flow Hood regulations.
  • Sending orders to floor, nurse stations, or patient room.
  • Understanding the basic concepts of TPN calculations, preparation, and storage.
  • Calculating and preparing TPN preparations (manual or automated).
  • Quality control, which includes the drugs shelf availability, and the drugs expiration dates…. etc. and other quality control procedures utilized in the IV/TPN pharmacy section.
Material Management

At the completion of this area of training, the student would have acquired knowledge in:
  • Maintaining proper storage conditions, generally and specifically.
  • Understanding the different methods of arrangement.
  • Requesting and receive pharmaceuticals and non- pharmaceuticals according to the description of the stock list.
  • Storing receives items in the correct location arranged according to expiry date.
  • Preparing requested medicine orders from pharmacy.
  • Isolating expired items.
  • The procedure for ordering medication from medical supply.
B. Didactic Activities (Two months)

After the four months hospital training outside the RCsDP, the trainees are also required to participate in community projects as well as attend Advance Education Seminar, Journal Club Activity, Research and Community Project preparation session in RCsDP.

At the completion of this part, the trainee would have acquired knowledge in:

Communication Skill
  • Communication with Pharmacist of the same career
  • Communication with patients and their relatives
  • Communication with Medical staff including Physicians and Nurses
  • Communication with other concerned professionals
Industrial Animation Training & Problem Solving
  • Pilot plant
  • Quality Control(QC)
  • Quality Assurance (QA)
  • Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP)
  • Good Laboratory Practice (GLP)
  • ICH Guideline for stability
Research Methodology
  • Using and utilizing computerized systems (Drugdex, Poisondex, Medline…etc).
  • Receiving questioners, answering them, documentation. Searching and retrieving journals, articles, reading them, and analyzing them.
  • Know about Pharmaceutical references.
  • Know about computer system and drug information software.
  • Learn how to retrieve drug information from internet
  • Learn how to retrieve requests.
  • Advanced education seminars
  • Completion and presentation of selected research projects.
Career Orientation and Proficiency Curriculum Vitae Presentation
  • To orient the pharmacy trainees with different career opportunities in the pharmaceutical field.
  • How to select the right career according to age, income and market competition.
  • How to write professional curriculum vitae that easily shows the applicant capability for a particular job.
Participation in Community Service Project

Trainees are required to be involved as groups in a planned project that serve and educate their community about e.g.
  • How to administer drug
  • How to avoid infection
  • How to act in case of emergency
  • How to do some simple tests at home to recognize some diseases
  • To warn them against pollution, drug-drug and drug-food interactions, etc.
General Rules and Regulations

A. Admission to the Program

The program is open for all students who completed the entire pharmacy Bsc. Courses, with a fee of 30,000 Saudi Riyals.

B. Duration and Continuity of Training
  • The internship program is for six months (6) consisting of three (3) rotations. The specified period of training shall be on a continuous and uninterrupted basis.
  • A maximum of accumulated thirty (15) days official leave of absence (Emergency leave, Sick leave, Educational leave, Maternity Leave and other types of leave) are allowed during the entire training period.
  • Only a maximum of (5 ) days Emergency or Educational Leave days can be filed in a month.
  • Only a maximum of (3) days compassionate leave can be filed in case of death of an immediate family member. Copy of Death certificate must be provided within (5) days of filing.
Online Filing of Leave Guidelines
  • Emergency leave needs to be filed at least 24 hours before duty.
  • Sick leave to be filed at least 3 hours before the duty and the medical certificate/report should be provided within 2 days of the last day of leave.
  • Female intern’s maternity leave to be filed within the time frame of her duty and the medical certificate/report should be provided within 2 days from the last day of leave.
  • Educational leave to be filed at least 24 hours before duty and the Certificate of Attendance should be provided within 2 days from the last day of leave.
  • All leave including those in outside rotation must be filed after accomplishing the Leave Request Form Online and be approved to be considered official.
  • Early leave (permit to leave premises during working hours) needs to be filed at least 24 hours before duty. Interns with only half session (3 hours duty) in a day cannot file for an early leave request. Interns are only allowed to accumulate a maximum of 18 hours in the entire training period with a maximum of (3) hours per applied leave.
  • Any duty which will fall on Sunday, the 24 hours before duty is not referring to Saturday but rather on a Thursday which is the last day of the week.
C. Symposia and Scientific Meetings
  • Each trainees may apply to attend an international or a national pharmaceutical symposium once only during the internship training period. The time spent in such symposium need not be replaced at the end of the program, provided that the candidate can present a certificate of attendance.
  • All applications for any meeting must be approved by the ITPC Chairman a month in advance.
  • A maximum of one week may be given to those who may wish to attend an international meeting while the local meetings will be based on the number of days applied.
  • Candidate who shows the interest in presenting an accepted scientific paper will have the privilege to attend more than one meeting.
D. Other Vital Components
  • Attendance

    Punctuality is mandatory and the daily attendance will be monitored closely. Trainees should abide the official working hours in addition to the rules and regulations required by each training institution they are attending.
  • Clinic Attire

    Trainees are requested to take the recommendation regarding the prescribed clinical dress at working hours seriously in each training institution. Interns are obliged to use the proper identification badge. Blue jeans and casual dress are not allowed in clinical premises.
  • Professional Ethics

    Trainees are expected to maintain respect and confidence of patients through sincere and honest relationship. Patient's cultural practice and individual differences must be respected. Courtesy, cooperation and harmonious interpersonal relationship must be highly observed among all clinical staff to promote a wholesome working atmosphere in the pharmacy of the hospital.
  • Discipline

    In case of unapproved absence, negligence, misconduct, incompetence, insubordination or any other act that the interns’ superior deem unacceptable, an Intern shall be dully reported to the Interns’ Training Program Committee for disciplinary action. Depending on the seriousness of the offense and upon the recommendation of the Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee, a disciplinary action may be one of the following:
    • Probation, verbal and written warnings
    • Suspension
    • Extension of Training
    • Repeating a rotation
  • Evaluation

    In order to monitor the trainees’ performance, training supervisors send their evaluation of the trainees’ performance at the end of each rotation (see Appendices). By the end of the program, the trainees’ performance should be evaluated and assessed by the Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee.
  • Graduation

    At the end of the (6) six months training program, trainees will be awarded a certificate of completion of the training, provided that they fulfilled the requirements of the program.
Administration of the Program
  • Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee (QAGITPC)

    During the entire period of the training, all trainees are under the administration of the Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee. Members of the committee hold regular meetings to discuss the progress of the program and other issues pertaining to the Trainees. The Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee is appointed by the Rector as follows:
    • Chairman
    • Internship Training Program Coordinators
    • Intern Clinic Director
    • Intern Research Director
    • Intern Research Assistant Director
    • Intern Community Director
    • Intern Seminar Director
    • Continuing Education and Post-Internship Preparation Director
    • Intern Outside Rotation Director
    • Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office Director
    • Chief Auxiliary Services
  • Trainees

    Trainees shall work on a full time basis during the entire period of their internship program. They shall execute all pharmacy training procedures as indicated in the program. Trainees are expected to observe all rules and regulations defined in this manual. They are required to submit a topic for the trainees’ research and advanced education seminar.
  • Faculty

    The faculty has a big role in the successful administration of the program by providing support thru supervision in the clinics as well as in the research projects.

    Role of the Faculty Research Supervisor
    • Assist the interns in selecting research topics.
    • Assists the intern in all their preparations for their research.
    • Checks adequacy of the literature review.
    • Supervises the intern in all stages of the research projects including data collection, analysis and writing of the paper to ensure that the research paper is completed and submitted at least two weeks prior to the scheduled presentation date.
    • Provides moral support to the intern during his/her presentation by being physically present and by providing assistance in clarifying questions or issues which may be raised during the open forum.
    • Updates the QAGITPC Intern Research Director or the Intern Research Assistant Director with the progress of the intern research project.
    • Accomplishes the evaluation form promptly at the end of the intern's presentation.
  • Responsibilities of Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee (QAGITPC)
    • Role of Intern Training Program Committee Chairman
      • Monitors the overall process of the training program and prepares the needed internal communications.
      • Is responsible for calling meetings to discuss significant developments and other relevant activities.
    • Role of Imternship Training Program Coordinators
      • Supervise the implementation of the internship training program.
      • Responsible for reporting achievements and difficulties met in the program and make the necessary follow up thru proper monitoring.
      • Responsible for gathering all the data pertaining to intern’s attendance, attitude, performance, productivity reports and evaluation within and outside the Institutions.
      • Act as a liaison among the faculty members, supervisors and the rest of the members of the Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee.
    • Role of Intern Research Director
      • Directs the overall activities related to the Intern Research Projects.
      • Responsible for the orientation of interns regarding the official format and guidelines to be followed in research projects.
      • Responsible for overseeing interns research presentations.
      • Responsible for evaluating the Interns Research Project Presentations.
      • Responsible for motivating the interns to submit their research projects for future publications.
      • Responsible for monitoring the intern and research supervisors’ progress in the research preparation.
      • Responsible for submitting a bi-monthly progress report of the research activities to the Interns Quality Assurance Office thru the Research Centre Office.
    • Role of Intern Community Director
      • Responsible for the Orientation of Interns regarding their Community Projects.
      • Responsible for acquainting the interns with the overall guidelines in community projects preparation.
      • Responsible for all Interns Community Projects Preparation.
      • Responsible for Guiding Interns in accomplishing Official Reports of their Community Projects.
      • Responsible for submitting summary reports of all community projects to the Interns Quality Assurance Office.
    • Role of Intern Seminar Director
      • Responsible for organizing the Advance Education Seminars including the Treatment Planning Sessions.
      • Responsible for guiding the interns regarding the topics selection.
      • Responsible for inviting the supervisors in charge of guiding the interns in their seminars.
      • Responsible for assigning facilitators and panel of interns who will provide questions to the presenters for each session.
      • Responsible for reviewing the CD of the presentation prior to the actual date and advising the interns to provide hard copies to the attendees to promote active participation.
      • Responsible for the Scheduling Arrangements of Interns thru the assistance of the Chief Auxiliary Staff.
      • Responsible for attending these seminars and instill discipline in the attendance and behavior of interns in didactic activities.
      • Responsible for providing weekly and monthly report regarding the details of each presentation (topic and date) and the interns evaluation for submission to the Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office thru the assistance of the Chief Auxiliary Staff.
      • Responsible for providing weekly and monthly report of attendance and behavior of Interns in Didactic Activities to the Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office thru the assistance of the Chief Auxiliary Staff.
    • Role of Continuing Education and Post-Internship Preparation Director
      • Responsible for running activities preparation to Saudi Health Board Exam and American National Board Examinations.
      • Responsible for organizing conferences and symposium activities.
    • Role of Intern Outside Rotation Director
      • Responsible for the overall coordination with the outside training institutions regarding intern’s performance, attendance, evaluation and other concerns.
      • Responsible for visiting the interns in their respective outside training institutions to monitor their activities and progress.
      • Responsible for submitting Monthly Progress report of all interns in outside rotation.
      • Responsible for the Preparation of the Interns Annual Rotation Summary Report and its regular updating.
      • Responsible for the up to date submission of Evaluation Reports of interns on outside rotation.
      • Responsible for coordinating with the Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office regarding the necessary documents needed by the interns in other training institutions.
    • Role of Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office Director
      • Responsible for the Quality Assurance of the Internship Programs.
      • Responsible for receiving all the reports from the different members of the QAGITPC and organizing them in an acceptable format matching the standard of National Commission for Academic Assessment and Accreditation (NCAAA) to be presented to the Chairman of QAGITPC for the necessary actions to be undertaken and to be implemented thru Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office.
      • Responsible for preparing the agenda of the bi-monthly meeting of the QAGITPC after counseling from its Chairman.
      • Responsible for monitoring reports and answering the e-mails from intern@riyadh.edu.sa mails after direct consultation with the Chairman of the QAGITPC.
      • Responsible for coordinating with the Chief Auxiliary Services at each campus to organize the initial draft of the yearly interns training clinical schedule for all the six (6) ROTAs and get final approval from the Chairman of the QAGITPC prior to its release.
      • Responsible for coordinating the reports and the items which must be discussed each rota and to inform the Chairman of QAGITPC for any deviation from the original intern plan.
      • Responsible for the software management of intern training program which is now under development.
Training Requirement
  • The trainee must present a Certificate of Completion of (4) months Hospital Training including hospital evaluation based on the following criteria:
    • Attendance and Productivity
    • Attitude
    • Performance in
      • Dispensing
      • Unit Dose Drug Distribution
      • Narcotics/ Drug Poison and Information Center
      • Intravenous / Total Parental Nutrition
      • Material Management
  • The trainee must pass the evaluation as presenters in the Advance Education Seminar, Journal Club Presentation.
  • The trainee must participate in (2) Community projects which are classified into:
    • Field Group Community Project
    • Video by Group with duration of 3-4 minutes
  • The trainee must participate in a research project and to pass the evaluation as presenter.
Didactic Part of the Program
  • Research Presentation

    Each trainee is requested to work in a group with other colleagues in preparing and presenting a scientific research project. The research topic is usually selected by the intern and carried out under the supervision of a faculty supervisor. Selection of the topic is usually done at the beginning of the internship. This is mainly to give him/her the chance in picking up the right topic and to find the interested faculty supervisor who may offer his/her help and guidance in the completion of the project during the training program.

    In order to for the trainee to excel in research methods and the style of scientific writing, one course in level 8 was given to pharmacy students for orientation.

    Objectives
    • To cultivate the ability of the trainee in designing and writing a scientific article.
    • To encourage and acquaint the trainee to do literature research and use the available database for this purpose.
    Guidelines for Interns’ Research Manuscript

    The research report should be submitted to the ITPC Chairman at least two weeks before the scheduled day of presentation. The manuscript should be prepared in English language in a type written format. The manuscript should include the title, author(s), and their affiliations, abstract, body of the main work acknowledgement and references. The title must be concise, informative and representative of the study. A summary or an abstract written in Arabic and English languages must appear in the first page. It should state the purpose of the study, basic procedures, main findings and the principal conclusions.

    The introduction states clearly the value and scientific merit of the research with relevant literature review for which the study is based. It should cover the related articles from the different published international journals that could be obtained from any available database. At the end of the section, a precise statement for which the research is aimed to is to be addressed in order to draw the connected relation between the conclusions and objectives.

    The section of materials and methods should briefly describe the subjects utilized in the study and the methodology employed in the selection and analysis. The main results should always come next to materials and methods and include the findings of the study presented in text and numerical format with the appropriate statistical references. Simplified tables and/or figures and relative illustrations are to be attached but with no repetition. All figures, tables and illustrations are to be identified clearly with brief and conclusive captions. There should be a useful detailed discussion of the significance of the result in other observations related to the study. Methods by which subjects were assessed and the success of experiments should be judge. In the section of conclusion, only those findings supported by data are presented. This is followed by a short statement on the recommendation for further study if this is applicable. All references which have been cited or referred to in the study should be listed in the section of references or bibliography. A format of a particular journal may be consulted such as the Saudi Dental Journal’s style. By the end of manuscript, the author(s) is/are expected to acknowledge all persons who may have generously offered their scientific or technical assistance during the course and preparation of the research.

    Other Rules and Guidelines
    • An interns or trainees project will not be considered as requirement if he or she has shown any of the following as reported by his or her supervisor and affirmed by the project director:
      • Minimal Involvement
      • Lack of Cooperation
      • Misdemeanor
      • Punctuality Issues
    • The intern / trainee showing any of the above except item no. 4 will be required to have or join another project.
    • Any intern / trainee who failed to show up or arrived late in a research presentation will be allowed to be scheduled for presentation of the same project as long as he/she is reported officially by his/her supervisor to have a maximum involvement in the research project.
  • Advanced Education Seminar

    These include selected presentations given by trainees, faculty members of the Colleges or invited speakers covering new advances in a wide range of pharmacy topics. The presentation needed by the trainee is by powerpoint and handouts as literature review.

    Objectives
    • To expose the trainees to current concepts in pharmacy in order to upgrade their skills and widened their knowledge on certain topics.
    • To improve their verbal communication skills and enhance their mastery in the usage of audio visual aids through formal lectures and seminar presentations.
    Rules and Guidelines
    • The list of the topics will be made available to the trainees by the beginning of each rotation.
    • The trainees’ presentation of an advanced topic will be evaluated as a requirement in the internship training program.
    • Any cancellation of scheduled presentation can only be approved based on the following guidelines:
      • If another intern is willing to interchange his/her schedule with another intern
      • Due to any justifiable or valid reason
    • All unapproved cancellation will subject the intern to disciplinary measure.
    • Journal Club Preparation and Presentation
    • Each intern/trainee will be grouped according to an assigned journal. Each assigned journal will comprise of minimum of (3) members wherein the group leader will be nominated at the beginning of the rota.
Objectives:
    • To give chance for the interns/trainees at RCDP to be updated and exposed to the current literature in a selected non-specialty journal
    • To select journals at international level
    • To gain knowledge from the different publications of journals
Responsibilities of the Journal Club Group Leader
  • To coordinate the activity every week with his/her colleagues
  • To distribute the job and give assignments to meet the goals and commitments of the group
  • Responsible to instruct his/her members to provide copies of the articles they read to all interns by electronic communication and cc to, intern@riyadh.edu.sa.
  • Be sure to meet the standard required duration not exceeding (10) minutes presentation followed by (10) minutes discussion.
  • Do subscriptions under his/her name to have the copyright which is valuable and advantageous.
Responsibilities of the Journal Club Group Member
  • To cooperate with the group leader regarding his/her assignments
  • To provide copies of the articles they read to all interns/trainees by electronic communication and cc to intern@riyadh.edu.sa.
  • To present an article they read by PowerPoint not exceeding (10) minutes followed by (10) minutes discussion.
  • To evaluate the article they presented from the highest rating of (5) to the lowest rating of (0).
Guidelines on Journal Preparation and Presentation
  • Open the website of the journal assigned to you.
  • The Group leader must assign his/her members to collect the following information:
  • Complete name of journal
  • Aims and scope
  • Name of Publisher or Publishing Company
  • Name of Editorial Board
  • Author Background
  • Country where it is published (Origin of publication)
  • Date of first publication
  • Number of Journals published since they started
  • Advertising information (policy, orders including subscription price, inquiries and contact nos.)
  • ISBN or ISS no.
  • Frequency of Publication
  • The leader must subscribe to the journal assigned to his/her group and to arrange with his/her members with regards to the payment for the journal subscription.
  • The 1st presentation by the group leader by PowerPoint will only be the introduction of the assigned journal where the duration will be maximum of (10) minutes.
  • The succeeding presentation from the group members will cover the current issue of the journal Publication (case presentation, literature review, original research,letter for editor and others).
  • Community Session and Participation

    Rules and Regulation
    • Number of Projects

      The total requirements for Dentistry / Dental Hygiene, Nursing and Clinical Laboratory Sciences Interns will be as follows:
      • (1) Field Group Community Project
        Master video consisting of an introduction that can motivate the participants to listen and an outline of the presentation.
      • One video for every member (Author) with a duration of 1-2 minutes
        and
        (1) Video by Group with duration of 3-4 minutes (Topic to be provided by the Faculty Ambassador) or another (1) Field Group Community Project
      The total requirements for Pharmacy Trainees will be as follows:
      • (1) Field Group Community Project
        Master video consisting of an introduction that can motivate the participants to listen and an outline of the presentation.
      • One video for every member (Author) with a duration of 1-2 minutes
        or
        (1) Video by Group with duration of 3-4 minutes (Topic to be provided by the Faculty Ambassador)
    • Details on E-Videos
      • All videos recommended will be reviewed by the member of the community project committee regarding quality, craftsmanship and if they uphold the country’s culture and tradition. A mark of 75% and above will qualify a video for uploading in the YouTube linked to the College website.
    • Target Population - School Children from primary to intermediate level
      Other target participants will be subjected to the discretion of the King Salman Center for Children Health.
    • Target Site - Schools in Riyadh Region
      Other target sites will be subjected to the discretion of the King Salman Center for Children Health.
    • Target Date (1st Academic Year)
      • Selection and Planning
        Whole Month of September
      • Preparation
        Whole Month of October
      • Submission of Community Videos in CD Format
        For School Community Projects - (1) Week before the date of School Community Project
        For E-Video Community Projects - End of December
      • Implementation
        1st of November to end of December
      • Assessment and Evaluation
        1st Week of January
      Target Date (2nd Academic Year)
      • Selection and Planning
        Whole Month of February
      • Preparation
        Whole Month of March
      • Submission of Community Videos in CD Format
        For School Community Projects - (1) Week before the date of School Community Project
        For E-Video Community Projects - End of May
      • Implementation
        1st of April to end of May
      • Assessment and Evaluation
        1st Week of June
    • Assessment and Evaluation of Field Community Projects

      Official questionnaires will be used to gauge the knowledge of the population on certain topics before and after the community service.

      The total evaluation will be based on the result of the above survey (Impact), Concept and Organization, Professionalism, Creativity, Presentation, Documentation and Community Project Report.

 

Nursing Training Program

The mission of the College is to promote training excellence, and to provide service to a society from within a diverse community of learners.

In this perspective that our nursing graduates needs to be prepared to be successful and thus becoming competent professionally in a multicultural, highly technical and increasingly global world. Internship training accomplishes this mission by emphasizing caring critical thinking, independent judgment, clinical and ethical decision making and autonomous behaviors.

The Nursing graduate must undertake a twelve (12) months internship and upon successful completion of the specified requirements, the intern will receive a certificate of completion of one year training.

.

Objectives:
  • To acquaint them with hospital policies and procedures:
  • To have the ability to apply theoretical knowledge into various clinical setting
  • To enhance their communication skills
  • To improve their ability to act independently and implement appropriate nursing intervention
  • To use wise judgment in consulting the appropriate personnel and resources in providing optimum patient care.
  • To achieve professional relationship with patients and members of the multidisciplinary health care providers.
  • To be able to provide safe and quality patient care.
Internship Training Program Details

The Internship Training Program consists of the following:
  • Hospital Training
  • Critical Care Service (ICU)
  • Emergency Service
  • Neonatal/Pediatric Intensive Care
  • Medical/Surgical Services
  • Operating Room Procedures
  • Women’s and Children Care
  • Dialysis Unit
  • Didactic Part
    • Research Project
    • Advanced Education Seminar
    • Journal Club Presentation
    • Case Presentation
  • Community Projects
  • Clinical Training
The Internship Training Program is administered by the Interns’ Training Program Committee and it requires interns to participate in different clinical rotations for a period of twelve (12) months.

A. Hospital Training
    • Critical Care Service

      This incorporates a system approach that includes:
      • Cardiovascular
      • Renal
      • Neurologic
      • Hematologic
      • Pulmonary
      • Hepatic
      • Integumentary
      • GI/GU
      • Special Populations
    • Emergency Service

      This focuses on:
      • Foundations of Emergency Nursing Practice
      • Clinical Foundations of Emergency Nursing
      • Major Trauma Emergencies
      • Medical and Surgical Emergencies
      • Special Patient Populations
    • Neonatal / Pediatric Intensive Care

      This focuses on:
      • Monitoring in the ITU
      • CATS – Resuscitation and emergency management
      • Cardiovascular physiology and cardiopulmonary
      • Respiratory Physiology
      • Psychosocial aspects of ITU
      • Principles of mechanical ventilation
      • Ventilation strategies for specific conditions
      • Arrhythmias and cardiovascular pharmacology
      • Pharmacy and drug toxicity
      • Sedation, analgesia, neuromuscular blockade
    • Medical / Surgical Care:

      This is program prepares nurses for a system approach that includes:
      • Cardiovascular
      • Renal
      • Neurologic
      • Hematologic
      • Pulmonary
      • Hepatic
      • Integumentary
      • GI/GU
      • Special Populations
    • Operating Room Procedures

      This clinically-based program is designed to prepare registered nurses with no previous perioperative experience, for a career in the operating room as entry-level, perioperative registered nurses. Clinical experiences combine simulated learning opportunities with actual scrub and circulating opportunities in a variety of surgical specialties.

      Interns will also have exposure to other facets of perioperative nursing such as:
      • Outpatient surgery and pre-operative assessment
      • Post anesthesia nursing
      • Special procedures
      • Sterile processing
    • Women’s and Children Care

      This training focuses on the intrapartum period covering topics such as:
      • Overview of labor
      • Maternal and Fetal Response to Labor
      • Induction and Augmentation of Labor
      • Intrapartum Fetal Monitoring
      • Hepatitis Infections
      • Delivery in the Absence of a Primary Provider
      • Intrapartum Partner Violence During Pregnancy
      • Intrapartum Emergencies
      • Caring for the Woman Undergoing an Instrumented or Operative Delivery and many more.
    • Dialysis Unit

      This training includes:
      • Safety Demonstrations
      • Overview to dialysis
      • Aseptic Techniques
      • Steps in the exchange procedures
      • Emergency measures for contamination
      • Exit Site Care
      • Complications
B. Didactic Activities

This program is facilitated by expert nurses with special emphasis on:
  • Critical thinking skills
  • Leadership Abilities
  • Written and verbal communication skills
  • Research-based Practice
  • Patient Safety
  • Professional Career Development
C. Community Projects

This part stresses the importance of prevention of diseases through intern’s involvement in community activities. The interns must carry out projects related to health education program.

D. Clinical Training

The intern will acquire an additional know-how regarding the duties of a nurse on infection control, sterilization procedures, patient’s safety including training in the reception area of the college focusing on communication skills and appointment system. The intern will be given a chance to assist or observe during actual patients treatment procedures.

General Rules and Regulations
  • Admission of the program

    This program is open to graduates with a Bachelor Degree in Nursing. The program fee is 50,000 Saudi Riyals with an option of paying the amount in two installments. First installment will be at the beginning of the internship and the second installment should be paid before the commencement of the fourth rota.
  • Duration and Continuity of Training
    • The internship program is for one-year (12 months) consisting of six (6) rotations. The specified period of training shall be on a continuous and uninterrupted basis.
    • A maximum of accumulated thirty (30) days official leave of absence (Emergency leave, Sick leave, Educational leave, Maternity Leave and other types of leave) are allowed during the entire training period.
    • Only a maximum of (10 ) days Emergency or Educational Leave days can be filed in a month.
    • Only a maximum of (3) days compassionate leave can be filed in case of death of an immediate family member. Copy of Death certificate must be provided within (5) days of filing.
    Online Filing of Leave Guidelines
    • Emergency leave needs to be filed at least 24 hours before duty.
    • Sick leave to be filed at least 3 hours before the duty and the medical certificate/report should be provided within 2 days of the last day of leave.
    • Female intern’s maternity leave to be filed within the time frame of her duty and the medical certificate/report should be provided within 2 days from the last day of leave.
    • Educational leave to be filed at least 24 hours before duty and the Certificate of Attendance should be provided within 2 days from the last day of leave.
    • All leave including those in outside rotation must be filed after accomplishing the Leave Request Form Online and be approved to be considered official.
    • Early leave (permit to leave premises during working hours) needs to be filed at least 24 hours before duty. Interns with only half session (3 hours duty) in a day cannot file for an early leave request. Interns are only allowed to accumulate a maximum of 18 hours in the entire training period with a maximum of (3) hours per applied leave.
    • Any duty which will fall on Sunday, the 24 hours before duty is not referring to Saturday but rather on a Thursday which is the last day of the week.
  • Training Period

    Riyadh Colleges of Dentistry and Pharmacy

    2 months

    Designated Hospital within Riyadh

    4 months

    Designated Hospital within or outside Riyadh

    6 months

  • Training Rotation
    • Critical Care
    • Emergency Service
    • Neonatal / Pediatric Intensive Care
    • Medical / Surgical Care
    • Operating Room Procedures
    • Women’s Health and Children Health
    • Dialysis Unit
  • Symposia and Scientific Meetings
    • Each intern may apply to attend international and national symposia during the internship training period. The time spent in such symposium need not be replaced at the end of the program, provided the candidate is granted an education leave on application and presents a certificate of attendance of the symposium.
    • All applications must be filed officially following the approval process set forth in the request form.
    • A maximum of one week may be given to those who may wish to attend an international meeting while the local meetings will be based on the number of days applied.
    • Candidate who shows the interest in presenting an accepted scientific paper will have the privilege to avail more than the required number of days of educational leave if deemed necessar as approved by the internship Training Committee.
  • Institutional Components
    • Attendance

      Punctuality is mandatory and the daily attendance will be monitored closely. Interns should abide the official duty hours in addition to the rules and regulations required by each training institution they are attending. Aside from official and unofficial absences, the other offenses are classified into the following:
      • Code 1- more than 15 minutes and less than 1 hour late
      • Code 2- more than 1 hour late
      • Code 3- leaving the institution unofficially and did not report back
      • Code 4- early leave more than 15 minutes before the end of time schedule
      • Code 5- timing in but not logging out but physically present
    • Prescribed Attire

      Interns are requested to take the recommendation regarding the prescribed clinical dress at working hours seriously in each training institution. Interns are obliged to use the proper identification badge. Blue jeans and casual dress are not allowed in working premises.
    • Professional Ethics

      Interns are expected to maintain respect and confidence of patients through sincerity and honesty. Patient's cultural practice and individual differences must be respected. Physical treatment must be backed up with psychological support and the intern needs to be sympathetic and considerate. Courtesy, cooperation and harmonious interpersonal relationship must be highly observed among all staff to promote a wholesome working atmosphere.

      The medically compromised patients and those who may suffer contagious diseases or disabilities have to find accessible treatment within the medical profession. Infection control measures should be observed all the time regardless of the patient medical status. Under no circumstances should any Intern refuse or object to assist patient who may carry contagious diseases. Such attitude is medically and ethically unacceptable.
    • Discipline

      Interns will receive by email punctuality or discipline reports pertaining to any incurred offenses. A reply by email to these reports from the interns is obligation within (24) hours period. Repetition of offenses will also subject the intern to disciplinary measure.

      In case of unapproved absence, negligence, misconduct, incompetence, insubordination or any other act that the interns’ superior deem unacceptable, an Intern shall be dully reported to the Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee (QAGITPC) for disciplinary action. Depending on the seriousness of the offense and upon the recommendation of the (QAGITPC) a disciplinary action may be one of the following:
      • Verbal or written warnings or probation
      • Suspension
      • Extension of training
      • Repeating a rotation
    • Evaluation

      In order to monitor the interns’ performance, it is essential that some forms of quantification and evaluation of the work carried out by the interns should be documented. Each procedure performed by the intern is recorded and will be compiled in a bi-monthly report. While in other institutions, training supervisors send their evaluation of the intern’s performance at the end of each rotation. By the end of the program, the intern’s performance should be evaluated and assessed by the Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee. The data for evaluation will be compiled from the summary of procedures recorded, and the decision of whether the intern has fulfilled his/her requirements or requires an extension of the program will be made.
  • Graduation

    At the end of the one-year internship program, interns will be awarded certificate of completion of the internship, provided that they have fulfilled all the requirements of the program.


    Didactic part of the Internship Program


    A. Research Project Preparation and Presentation

    Each intern is requested to work in a group with other colleagues in preparing and presenting a scientific research project. The research topic is usually selected by the intern and carried out under the supervision of a faculty supervisor. Selection of the topic is usually done at the beginning of the internship. This is mainly to give a chance in picking up the right topic and to find the interested faculty supervisor who may offer help and guidance in the completion of the project during the internship training program.

    Objectives
    • Ability to identify research topic and write a related Research Proposal.
    • Ability to carry out the research
    • Ability to write the outcome of the research using the IMRAD format
    Rules and Guidelines for Interns’ Research Manuscript

    The manuscript should be prepared in English language in a type written format. The manuscript should include the title, author(s), and their affiliations, abstract, body of the main work acknowledgement and references. The title must be concise, informative and representative of the study. A summary or an abstract written in Arabic and English languages must appear in the first page. It should state the purpose of the study, basic procedures, main findings and the principal conclusions.

    The introduction states clearly the value and scientific merit of the research with relevant literature review for which the study is based. It should cover the related articles from the different published peer-reviewed journals that could be obtained from any available database. At the end of the section, a precise statement for which the research is aimed to is to be addressed in order to draw the connected relation between the conclusions and objectives.

    The section of materials and methods should briefly describe the subjects utilized in the study and the methodology employed in the selection and analysis. The main results should always come next to materials and methods and include the findings of the study presented in text and numerical format with the appropriate statistical references. Simplified tables and/or figures and relative illustrations are to be attached but with no repetition. All figures, tables and illustrations are to be identified clearly with brief and conclusive captions. There should be a useful detailed discussion of the significance of the result in other observations related to the study. Methods by which subjects were assessed and the success of experiments should be judge. In the section of conclusion, only those findings supported by data are presented. This is followed by a short statement on the recommendation for further study if this is applicable. All references which have been cited or referred to in the study should be listed in the section of references or bibliography. The Research Center of RCsDP has specified the format for writing a Manuscript. By the end of manuscript, the author(s) is/are expected to acknowledge all persons who may have generously offered their scientific or technical assistance during the course and preparation of the research.

    Other Rules and Guidelines
    • An interns or trainees project will not be considered as requirement if he or she has shown any of the following as reported by his or her supervisor and affirmed by the project director:
      • Minimal Involvement
      • Lack of Cooperation
      • Misdemeanor
      • Punctuality Issues
    • The intern / trainee showing any of the above except item no. 4 will be required to have or join another project.
    • Any intern / trainee who failed to show up or arrived late in a research presentation will be allowed to be scheduled for presentation of the same project as long as he/she is reported officially by his/her supervisor to have a maximum involvement in the research project.
    B. Advanced Education Seminar

    These include selected presentations given by interns, faculty members of the Colleges or invited speakers covering new advances in a wide range of nursing topics. The presentation need by the trainee is by PowerPoint and handouts as literature review.
    • Objectives
      • To expose the interns to current concepts in nursing in order to upgrade their skills and widened their knowledge on certain topics
      • To improve their verbal communication skills and enhance their mastery in the usage of audio visual aids through formal lectures and seminar presentations.
    • Rules and Guidelines
        • The list of the topics will be made available to the interns by the beginning of each rotation.
        • The interns’ presentation of an advanced topic will be evaluated as a requirement in the internship training program.
        • Any cancellation of scheduled presentation can only be approved based on the following guidelines:
          • If another intern is willing to interchange his/her schedule with another intern
          • Due to any justifiable or valid reason
        • All unapproved cancellation will subject the intern to disciplinary measure
    C. Journal Club Preparation and Presentation

    Each intern/trainee will be grouped according to an assigned journal. Each assigned journal will comprise of minimum of (3) members wherein the group leader will be nominated at the beginning of the rota.
    • Objectives
      • To give chance for the interns/trainees at RCDP to be updated and exposed to the current literature in a selected non-specialty journal
      • To select journals at international level
      • To gain knowledge from the different publications of journals
    • Responsibilities of the Journal Club Group Leader
      • To coordinate the activity every week with his/her colleagues
      • To distribute the job and give assignments to meet the goals and commitments of the group
      • Responsible to instruct his/her members to provide copies of the articles they read to all interns by electronic communication and cc to, intern@riyadh.edu.sa.
      • Be sure to meet the standard required duration not exceeding (10) minutes presentation followed by (10) minutes discussion.
      • Do subscriptions under his/her name to have the copyright which is valuable and advantageous.
    • Responsibilities of the Journal Club Group Member
      • To cooperate with the group leader regarding his/her assignments
      • To provide copies of the articles they read to all interns/trainees by electronic communication and cc to intern@riyadh.edu.sa.
      • To present an article they read by PowerPoint not exceeding (10) minutes followed by (10) minutes discussion.
      • To evaluate the article they presented from the highest rating of (5) to the lowest rating of (0).
    • Guidelines on Journal Preparation and Presentation
      • Open the website of the journal assigned to you.
      • The Group leader must assign his/her members to collect the following information:
      • Complete name of journal
      • Aims and scope
      • Name of Publisher or Publishing Company
      • Name of Editorial Board
      • Author Background
      • Country where it is published (Origin of publication)
      • Date of first publication
      • Number of Journals published since they started
      • Advertising information (policy, orders including subscription price, inquiries and contact nos.)
      • ISBN or ISS no.
      • Frequency of Publication
      • The leader must subscribe to the journal assigned to his/her group and to arrange with his/her members with regards to the payment for the journal subscription.
      • The 1st presentation by the group leader by PowerPoint will only be the introduction of the assigned journal where the duration will be maximum of (10) minutes.
      • The succeeding presentation from the group members will cover the current issue of the journal Publication (case presentation, literature review, original research, letter for editor and others).
    D. Case Presentation

    The case presentation serves as a forum for interaction by the faculty and clinical instructors in discussing patient’s cases encountered by the nursing interns. Each intern will be given a chance to present cases for discussion with other interns.
    • Objectives
      • To develop the intern's skill in assessment of cases
      • To provide an intern with insight to resolve and determine the problem and difficulties that may be encountered in their discussion of different treatment modalities.
    • Rules and Guidelines
      • The presentation should have interesting diagnostics and/or treatment planning approaches.
      • Any cancellation of scheduled presentation can only be approved based on the following guidelines:
        • If another intern is willing to interchange his/her schedule with another intern
        • Due to any justifiable or valid reason
      • All unapproved cancellation will subject the intern to disciplinary measure
    Community Project
    • Objectives
      • Riyadh Colleges take the lead in preventive programs where interns are encouraged to participate in various community projects.
      Mission
      • To promote total health awareness towards the community
      Aim
      • To be able to plan, implement and evaluate these community projects in order to render effective service with measurable results
    • Rules and Guidelines
      • Number of Projects

        The total requirements for Dentistry/Dental Hygiene , Nursing and Clinical Laboratory Sciences Interns will be as follows:
        • (1) Field Group Community Project
          Master video consisting of an introduction that can motivate the participants to listen and an outline of the presentation.
        • One video for every member (Author) with a duration of 1-2 minutes
          and
          (1) Video by Group with duration of 3-4 minutes (Topic to be provided by the Faculty Ambassador) or another (1) Field Group Community Project
      • Details on E-Videos
        • All videos recommended will be reviewed by the member of the community project committee regarding quality, craftsmanship and if they uphold the country’s culture and tradition. A mark of 75% and above will qualify a video for uploading in the YouTube linked to the College website.
      • Target Population - School Children from primary to intermediate level
        Other target participants will be subjected to the discretion of the King Salman Center for Children Health.
      • Target Site - Schools in Riyadh Region
        Other target sites will be subjected to the discretion of the King Salman Center for Children Health.
      • Target Date (1st Academic Year)
        • Selection and Planning
          Whole Month of September
        • Preparation
          Whole Month of October
        • Submission of Community Videos in CD Format
          For School Community Projects - (1) Week before the date of School Community Project
          For E-Video Community Projects - End of December
        • Implementation
          1st of November to end of December
        • Assessment and Evaluation
          1st Week of January
        Target Date (2nd Academic Year)
        • Selection and Planning
          Whole Month of February
        • Preparation
          Whole Month of March
        • Submission of Community Videos in CD Format
          For School Community Projects - (1) Week before the date of School Community Project
          For E-Video Community Projects - End of May
        • Implementation
          1st of April to end of May
        • Assessment and Evaluation
          1st Week of June
      • Assessment and Evaluation of Field Community Projects

        Official questionnaires will be used to gauge the knowledge of the population on certain topics before and after the community service.

        The total evaluation will be based on the result of the above survey (Impact), Concept and Organization, Professionalism, Creativity, Presentation, Documentation and Community Project Report.
    Clinical Training

    Objective

    To help the interns in their mastery of clinical, communication and interpersonal skills by becoming an integral part of the auxiliary department of the college well trained in assisting doctors during patient’s treatment with active role in appointment bookings and reception area’s duties and responsibilities.

 

Administration of the Program
  • Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee (QAGITPC)

    During the entire period of the internship, all interns are under the administration of the Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee. Members of the committee hold regular meetings to discuss the progress of the program and other issues pertaining to the Interns. The Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee is appointed by the Rector as follows:
    • Chairman
    • Internship Training Program Coordinators
    • Intern Clinic Director
    • Intern Research Director
    • Intern Research Assistant Director
    • Intern Community Director
    • Intern Seminar Director
    • Continuing Education and Post-Internship Preparation Director
    • Intern Outside Rotation Director
    • Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office Director
    • Chief Auxiliary Services
  • Nursing Interns

    Clinical Role
    • Maintain proper legible case notes at all times
    • Treat patients and their relatives in a courteous, timely, safe and competent manner at all times.
    • Carefully monitor drug and other treatments
    • Keep up-to-date on the status of designated patients under your care
    • Work as part of a team with medical, nursing and other colleagues
    • Attend supervised consultant-led outpatient clinics
    • Arrange appropriate investigations, be aware of the results and act upon them appropriately
    • Write prompt discharge letters and maintain high levels of verbal communication with colleagues
    Educational Role
    • Attend clinical conferences
    • Participate in the monitoring and the assessment of your duties
    • Identify and address personal learning needs
    • Attend regular morbidity/mortality meetings
    • Develop an understanding of audit and research
    • Maintain a personal logbook detailing procedures and cases presented conference, education activities and special courses
    • Participate in structures clinical and other learning
    Professional Role
    • Adhere to high ethical standards
    • Develop an informed career plan, with guidance from appropriate clinicians
    • Ensure appropriate professional indemnity
    • Maintain/enhance time management skills
    • Maintain/enhance communication skills
    Personal Role
    • Recognize your limitations
    • Take responsibility on self development and improvement
    • Manage stress
    • Maintain your physical and psychological health
    • Seek medical advice or other treatment if necessary.
  • Faculty

    The faculty has a big role in the successful administration of the program by providing support thru supervision in the clinics as well as in the research projects.

    Role of Intern Instructors
    • The Intern Instructors are responsible in supervising the interns and should be available to them for discussion, guidance and counseling. They will interview each intern in the first weeks of their post to determine educational objectives and learning needs.
    • The Intern Instructors will need to arrange access to educational packages, exposure to accident and emergency, intensive care, coronary care and general practice, discussion and tuition on medico-legal aspects of medicine.

      This will be ongoing informal appraisal, communication and formal assessment This aims to identify strengths, address weaknesses, assist with career counseling and provide research and audit advice.
    Role of Faculty Research Supervisor
    • Assist the interns in selecting research topics.
    • Assists the intern in all their preparations for their research.
    • Checks adequacy of the literature review.
    • Supervises the intern in all stages of the research projects including data collection, analysis and writing of the paper to ensure that the research paper is completed and submitted at least two weeks prior to the scheduled presentation date.
    • Provides moral support to the intern during his/her presentation by being physically present and by providing assistance in clarifying questions or issues which may be raised during the open forum.
    • Updates the QAGITPC Intern Research Director or the Intern Research Assistant Director with the progress of the intern research project.
    • Accomplishes the evaluation form promptly at the end of the intern's presentation.
    Role of Didactic Activity Faculty Supervisor / Coordinator
    • Acts as an immediate supervisor to ensure that the assigned interns/trainees are executing their advanced education seminar and journal club presentation based on official guidelines.
    • Monitors the intern/trainee's ethical behavior and professional attitudes.
    • Attains maximum interaction with the interns during their didactic activity.
    • Updates the Interns/Trainee Coordinator about interns who may need special attention.
    • Is available during the intern/trainee’s didactic activity based on his or her session.
    • Assists in accomplishing the evaluation forms at the end of assigned session.
    • Participates in the discussion with the interns/trainees at the end of the session
    • To fully cooperate in the supervision of interns/trainees in the preparation of their Advanced Education Seminar and Journal Club presentation
    • To discuss with the interns/trainees thru meetings in their available schedule and via electronic communication pertaining to the preparation of the in advanced education seminar and Journal Club presentation
    • To help and provide literature research references and guidelines to the interns/trainees related to topic of presentation
    • To edit and finalize with the intern/trainee’s presentation according to the format of the advanced education seminar and journal club presentation.
    • To do rehearsing with the interns/trainees being supervised one (1) week before the date of presentation to assure the quality of the presentation and to give emphasis and assistance on aspects that needs improvement and / or corrections.
    • To instruct the interns/trainees to send one (1) week before the date of presentation the (PDF Copy) of the final presentation to: intern@riyadh.edu.sa to give the attendees ample time to read and review by email.
    • To be physically present during the presentation of the interns/trainees they are supervising to give them moral support, and to help in answering some of the questions related to the topic.
    • To evaluate the interns/trainees they are supervising by giving them marks regarding their overall rating including their comments on how to improve their presentation and must be specified in the evaluation form that will be provided during the date of presentation.
    • Responsible for reviewing the CD of the presentation prior to the actual date and advising the interns to provide hard copies to the attendees to promote active participation.
  • Responsibilities of Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee (QAGITPC)

    Role of Intern Training Program Committee Chairman
    • Monitors the overall process of the training program and prepares the needed internal communications.
    • Is responsible for calling meetings to discuss significant developments and other relevant activities.
    Role of Internship Training Program Coordinators
    • Supervise the implementation of the internship training program.
    • Responsible for reporting achievements and difficulties met in the program and make the necessary follow up thru proper monitoring.
    • Responsible for gathering all the data pertaining to intern’s attendance, attitude, performance, productivity reports and evaluation within and outside the Institutions.
    • Act as a liaison among the faculty members, supervisors and the rest of the members of the Quality Assurance General Internship Training Program Committee.
    Role of Intern Clinic Director
    • Monitor the overall clinical activities of the interns with the help of the Chief Auxiliary Service.
    • Responsible for assuring the interns performance meet the quality and quantitative expectation level.
    Role of Intern Research Director
    • Directs the overall activities related to the Intern Research Projects.
    • Responsible for the orientation of interns regarding the official format and guidelines to be followed in research projects.
    • Responsible for overseeing interns research presentations.
    • Responsible for evaluating the Interns Research Project Presentations.
    • Responsible for motivating the interns to submit their research projects for future publications.
    • Responsible for monitoring the intern and research supervisors’ progress in the research preparation.
    • Responsible for submitting a bi-monthly progress report of the research activities to the Interns Quality Assurance Office thru the Research Centre Office.
    Role of Intern Research Assistant Director
    • Assist the Intern Research Director in the overall activities related to the Intern Research Projects
    Role of Intern Community Director
    • Responsible for the Orientation of Interns regarding their Community Projects.
    • Responsible for acquainting the interns with the overall guidelines in community projects preparation.
    • Responsible for all Interns Community Projects Preparation.
    • Responsible for Guiding Interns in accomplishing Official Reports of their Community Projects.
    • Responsible for submitting summary reports of all community projects to the Interns Quality Assurance Office.
    Role of Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office Director
    • Responsible for the Quality Assurance of the Internship Programs.
    • Responsible for receiving all the reports from the different members of the QAGITPC and organizing them in an acceptable format matching the standard of National Commission for Academic Assessment and Accreditation (NCAAA) to be presented to the Chairman of QAGITPC for the necessary actions to be undertaken and to be implemented thru Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office.
    • Responsible for preparing the agenda of the bi-monthly meeting of the QAGITPC after counseling from its Chairman.
    • Responsible for monitoring reports and answering the e-mails from intern@riyadh.edu.sa mails after direct consultation with the Chairman of the QAGITPC.
    • Responsible for coordinating with the Chief Auxiliary Services at each campus to organize the initial draft of the yearly interns training clinical schedule for all the six (6) ROTAs and get final approval from the Chairman of the QAGITPC prior to its release.
    • Responsible for coordinating the reports and the items which must be discussed each rota and to inform the Chairman of QAGITPC for any deviation from the original intern plan.
    • Responsible for the software management of intern training program which is now under development.
    Role of Chief Auxiliary Services
    • Responsible for the monitoring of the Interns Punctuality in the Clinic and Didactic including daily and weekly report of attendance.
    • Responsible for accurate monthly reports of Clinic Productivity results.
    • Responsible for collecting the CD and hard copies of advance education seminars, case presentation sessions and intern research presentations prior to its submission to the Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office.
    • Responsible for compiling the Intern Research Books (4 pcs.) after each presentation and its submission to the Quality Assurance Internship Training Program Office.
    • Responsible for the safekeeping of interns’ logbooks in and outside the college.
Calendar
Dec
17
12.17.2017 10:00 am - 12:00 pm
Multidisciplinary Seminar
Dec
20
12.20.2017 10:00 am - 12:00 pm
Master Thesis Presentation (Pharm.)
Dec
21
12.21.2017
Colleges Board Meetings
Dec
21
12.21.2017
Last day of withdrawal from the semester
Dec
21
12.21.2017 12:00 pm - 1:00 pm
DENC Courses Committee Meeting
Dec
22
12.22.2017
BLS Provider Course
Dec
22
12.22.2017
Endodontic Microsurgery
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