Combined Pharmacotherapy and Behavioral Alteration for Smoking Cessation
Binyahya FA, Alqabbaa LM, Alansary RD, Alrumaih AS, Kamel AMF*
Background and Aim: According to the American Lung Association smoking is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States (US), causing over 438,000 deaths per year. Also, according to the United Kingdom (UK) Public Health Association; nearly 1 in 5 adults smoke and there are around 90,000 regular smokers aged between 11 and 15. Smoking causes 17% of all deaths in people aged 35 and over. It can cause or make worse a wide range of damaging health effects in children and adults, including lung cancer, respiratory infections and asthma. After all of these statistics, finding an effective smoking cessation program is very mandatory in order to reach a world free of smoking.
Methodology: Prior to the selection of the program, more than 30 recent articles have reviewed. The U.S Public Health Services, and UK Public Health Association protocols and recommendations were also reviewed. The tobacco Control Program of Saudi Ministry of Health was consulted for the most followed programs as well as smokers obligations and the available medications in Saudi Arabia.
Results and Conclusion: A simple and effective smoking cessation program is presented. It comprises both Pharmacotherapy and Behavioral Alterations.
Assessment of Stability and Antibacterial Efficiency, of Selected Preservatives in Foodstuffs from Saudi Market in Riyadh City
Dalia sharaf eldin, ,Zuhour.I, Manal Basher, HanadiAnklis, NoufAlSadoun , Mai Alyabis, YusraAlkamali. HananAlgarni. OhoudAlshammari. HayaAlmylahi. MarwaArnous
Background: The food industry is experiencing an alarming number of major product recalls due to microbial contamination. In recent years, food safety has become a global concern affecting public health, economics, and international trade in respect to the amount and stability of the used preservatives.
Aims: To ensure that, the food stuffs comply the safe measures for the consumer regarding the microbial bio burden, and correlate it to the concentration and stability of the preservative during the period of usage.
Materials and Methods: 30 food samples will be subjected to both microbiological cultivation for detection of:E.coli, S.aureus, S.typhymerium, C.botulinum, B.cereus, yeast and Fungion Muller Hinton Agar, Mannitol salt agar, Thioglycollate broth and sabaroud agar, if growth detected the number of CFU will be determined and to a simple and sensitive Ultraviolet spectroscopic method for the determination of amounts of preservatives in food samples has been used, The absorbance intensity was measured in 5-mm quartz at wavelengths of ( 243 ) ,( 255) nm, ,( 258) nm and ( 258 ) Benzoic acid, Sorbic acid, Methylparaben and Propyl paraben,respectively, the stability of the preservatives was determined accordingly